密集空間における人体への作用力について  [in Japanese] Measurement of Forces Acting on a Human Body in Confined Spaces  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p>Fireworks display was held at Akashi City, Hyogo on July 21, 2001. In the passageway to the exhibition site, many pedestrians were involved in a crowd accident. The contact force acting between the pedestrians might cause the awful accident. In past researches, a human body is modeled as a distinct element and the force act on the body are calculated by use of the Distinct Element Method (DEM), however, the calculated force has not been verified through an observation or an experiment. In this study, experiments were done to measure the contact force acting on the human body in a crowd. The forces calculated by use of elliptic distinct element were in good agreement with the experimental results</p>

<p>Fireworks display was held at Akashi City, Hyogo on July 21, 2001. In the passageway to the exhibition site, many pedestrians were involved in a crowd accident. The contact force acting between the pedestrians might cause the awful accident. In past researches, a human body is modeled as a distinct element and the force act on the body are calculated by use of the Distinct Element Method (DEM), however, the calculated force has not been verified through an observation or an experiment. In this study, experiments were done to measure the contact force acting on the human body in a crowd. The forces calculated by use of elliptic distinct element were in good agreement with the experimental results</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Social Safety Science

    Journal of Social Safety Science 7, 273-280, 2005-11-01

    Institute of Social Safety Science

References:  8

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007151714
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11542656
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    13452088
  • NDL Article ID
    7865626
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZN5(科学技術--建設工学・建設業--都市工学・衛生工学) // ZA15(政治・法律・行政--行政・行政学--警察・消防・防災)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B757
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE  NDL-Digital 
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