日本的な「宗教意識」の構造--「価値観と宗教意識」に関する全国調査の結果の分析 The structure of Japanese religiosity
VI.Introduction In recent years, the social sciences have seen a re-emergence of research focused on the theme of "values," for example, the appearance of post-modern values, based on new dimensions. Since the 1980s, several large-scale international comparative surveys have been conducted that focus on people's beliefs and values, including the European Values Studies, the World Values Survey and the International Social Survey Programme. The questionnaires used in these surveys focus on "religiosity." The results have shown that questionnaires used in these surveys focus on "religiosity." The results have shown that while religiosity is strongly linked to people's beliefs, values and attitudes in Western countries, that tendency is not evident in Japan. The generalized use of the phrase "non-religious Japan" is also derived from this context. This perspective, however, is based on Western religious views, and an examination informed by Japan's distinctive religiosity would undoubtedly shed some light on oither aspects that might not otherwise be evident. That is the key purpose of this questionnaire survey. II. Survey Outline The sample was obtained using a two-stage stratified nationwide random sampling of men and women aged 20 and older from the Basic Resident Registry as of March 31, 2006. The survey was conducted in March 2007. A survey company (Central Research Services, Inc.) was entrusted to conduct the survey using the leave-and-pick-up method. Valid responses were collected from 882 respondents, yielding a response rate of 49.2%. III. Data Analysis Method The data analysis method used was Facet Analysis, developed by Louis Guttman, and specifically the two methods of Smallest Space Analysis and Median Regression Analysis. I have labeled the current data analysis an "exploratory data analysis," and have selected these methods because they are extremely effective tools for conducting exploratory work. IV. Smallest Space Analysis 1. Smallest Space Analysis of Question Items Related to Religious Behaviors The SSA map shows that the questionh items related to religious behaviors behaviors are divided into three groups: (1) Worship, devotions, the bible, sacred scriptures, and shrine or temple visits, (2) Visiting ancestors' graves, household shrines, household altars, and (3) Visiting a shrine on New Year's Day, fortune-telling sticks, bprotective charms, amulets, prayer. 2. Smallest Space Analysis of Question Items Related to Another World According to the SSA map the question items are divided into those regarding: (1) Deities, (2) Life after death, reincarnation, souls, guardian souls, and (3) UFOs. 3. Smalolest Space Analysis of Question Items Related to Religious Beliefs, Feelings and Attitudes The question items that are close to the position of "holding religious beliefs" and "a religious mind is imp0ortant," followed by "protection and salvation," "gratitude and emotional connection with ancestors," a sense of peace or awe," then the belief that "bad behavior will be punished," and "a religious view of nature," However, "exhibiting memorialism" and the feeling that the "this moment is important" are located a fair distance away from "holds religious beliefs." This SSA map is important insofar as it clearly shows the various aspects of the religiosity of the Ja-panese. 4. Smallest Space Analysis of Question items Related to the Workings, Functions and Characteristics of Religion This SSA map shown that the question items related to the workings, functions and characteristics of religion are divided into two categories: those with positive content and those with negative content. V. Median Regression Analysis The next step after Smallest Space Analysis is to explore the relationship between "religious behaviors" and "religious feelings and attitudes". these results suggest that the relationship in each of these cases has a monotone shape that rises upward to the right. That is, "religious behaviors" and "religious feelings and attitudes" are not distinct and separate items, but are closely linked to one another.
関西学院大学社会学部紀要 (104), 45-70[含 英語文要旨], 2008-03