ペットロスに伴う悲嘆反応とその支援のあり方 Grief Reaction and Care Associated with Pet Loss in Japan

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著者

    • 木村 祐哉 Kimura Yuya
    • 北海道大学大学院医学研究科医療システム学分野 Department of Healthcare Systems Research, Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University

抄録

少子高齢化の進む現代の日本において,ペットは家族の一員として重要な存在となっている.そのようなペットの喪失によって強い悲嘆が生じうることは,「ペットロス」という言葉とともに知られるようになったが,十分な社会的理解が得られるには至っていない.本稿では,ペットロスに伴う悲嘆反応とそれに対する支援について諸文献から考察した.ペットロスは対象喪失の一種であり,親しい人物との死別の場合と同様の悲嘆のプロセスを経るとされる.専門的介入もまた有効であると考えられているが,安楽死の決定にかかわる罪悪感や,周囲との認識の違いによる孤独感など,ペットロスに特異的な状況が存在するということにも注意する必要がある.本稿ではさらに,日本におけるペットロスの現状について触れ,今後の研究に求められる課題を明らかにすることを試みた.

A pet has a played significant role as a member of the owner's family in recent years. It is known that the loss of a loved pet could bring its owner severe grief. However, this reaction has not gained enough attention. The description about grief reaction and care was reviewed in accordance with past literatures. Loss of a pet is one of the object losses. The pet owners suffer grief at the loss of the pet. It is just as traumatic as the relatives who died. They could experience various negative feelings and sorely somaticize in the process. When they reached to pathologic grief, some kinds of expert interventions were useful in treating these symptoms. In cases of pet loss, care providers should pay enough attention to treatment because of some features different from human death. First, in veterinary practice, owners have choice to euthanize their pets. It sometimes results in a pang of guilt, while humane euthanasia puts pet away calmly. Secondly, when perceptions about pet loss are different between owner and people, this gap makes owners feel isolated. Other's unintentional words, for example "just a dog" or "you can get another pet", would result in disappointment if the lost pet was considered precious. Furthermore, a funeral ceremony that is helpful for mourning work is much less common in a dead pet. These specificities of pet loss are worthy of attention. In Japan, such a controversial pet loss has been known during the last decade. Japanese bereaved owners also seem to go through grief process as in some other countries. However, a recent report showed that some of them felt different about foreign treatments. Although several textbooks of pet loss were translated and consulted, such past recommendations could not be appropriated in Japanese. It might be because of difference between Japanese and foreign cultures. Therefore, it need to be discussed how we should support bereaved pet owners on the basis of Japanese culture. As most of candidates in the past researches were recruited via a veterinarian, counselor or bulletin board, accessible populations might be biased. In addition, participants in the past survey generally think back and answer to questions in retrospect. These selection or recall biases could lead misinterpretation of findings. For the purpose of an appropriate support, the best-unbiased research for evaluating grief derived from pet loss is required. And then a prospective longitudinal survey is also needed in order to evaluate the result of interventions.

収録刊行物

  • 心身医学

    心身医学 49(5), 357-362, 2009

    一般社団法人 日本心身医学会

参考文献:  35件中 1-35件 を表示

被引用文献:  3件中 1-3件 を表示

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110007161315
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00121636
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    REV
  • ISSN
    0385-0307
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10209795
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZS31(科学技術--医学--精神神経科学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z19-26
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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