<葬式>を表す方言分布の形成と社会的要因  [in Japanese] Japanese Words for "Funeral" : the Formation of Dialectical Distribution and Related Societal Factors  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

本稿では,民俗儀礼語彙の中から<葬式>という項目を選び,その方言分布の形成に,「葬送儀礼の実態との関連」,「位相との関連」といった社会的要因がどう影響しているのかを探った。方法としては,まず全国調査の結果に基づいて<葬式>の方言分布を明らかにした。次いで,方言分布と文献上の歴史との総合から,<葬式>を表す方言の歴史を構成すると同時に,問題点についても指摘し,葬送儀礼の変遷との対応からそれを解決した上で,結論を導いた。その結果,<葬式>の方言分布に現れた「オクリ」,「ダビ」・「ダミ」,「ソーレイ」・「ソーレン」,「トムライ」,「ジャンボン」,「ソーシキ」といった名称は,庶民層における葬送儀礼の変遷の3段階に対応する形で展開し,それが方言分布の形成に反映していることがわかった。また,位相を超えた名称の普及が,方言の形成につながっていることも明らかになった。

In this paper, by specifically focusing on the word for "funeral" out of the many words related to folk rituals, the author seeks to clarify how societal factors such as the way funeral rites are conducted and the concept of "phase" (iso, 位相) relate to the formation of dialectical distribution. First, data on the dialectical variants of the word "funeral" was collected from nation-wide surveys. Then, using this data in combination with literary history, the author reconstructed the history of the word "funeral" while keeping an eye out for controversial or problematic points. By considering these points in conjunction with changes in funeral rites, the author was able to resolve areas of doubt and arrive at a conclusion, namely that the terms names "okuri," "dabi," "sorei," "soren," "tomurai," "jambon," and "soshiki" for "funeral" found in a dialectical distribution survey, developed in a way that corresponds to three stages of change in ordinary people's funeral rites, and this is reflected in the formation of the dialectical distribution itself. Moreover, it became clear that the diffusion of these terms, which transcended the bounds of "phase", is linked to dialect formation.

Journal

  • Studies in the Japanese Language

    Studies in the Japanese Language 4(4), 16-31, 2008

    The Society for Japanese Linguistics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007230665
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11998386
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL Article ID
    9659154
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZK22(言語・文学--日本語・日本文学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-M894
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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