第二次世界大戦前アメリカ合衆国における優生学者の民主制論 : 精神薄弱論との関連 Eugenicists' Views on Democracy in Relation to "the Feebleminded" in Pre-World War II America
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The present paper examines how "the feebleminded" to whom eugenicists were most hostile were regarded and what kind of image of democracy many eugenical scientists had in pre-World War II America. Eugenical scientists viewed the government as a system run by men of ability. "The feebleminded," therefore, were regarded as inferior people, and thought to be lacking in the citizenship necessary in order to contribute to society. Even after the 1930s, when eugenics discourse began to decline, mainline eugenical scientists did not accept the idea that "the feebleminded" were citizens of a democratic society, although some scientists ventured to defend the rights of "the feebleminded".
- The Japanese Journal of Special Education
The Japanese Journal of Special Education 45(6), 459-471, 2008
The Japanese Association of Special Education