美術館学習初心者のための博物館認知オリエンテーションモデルの提案  [in Japanese] A Learning Support for Interpreting Museum Objects Through a Cognitive Orientation of Museum  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 奥本 素子 OKUMOTO Motoko
    • 総合研究大学院大学:日本学術振興会 Department of Cyber Society and Culture, the Graduate University for Advanced Studies:Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
    • 加藤 浩 KATO Hiroshi
    • 総合研究大学院大学:メディア教育開発センター Department of Cyber Society and Culture, the Graduate University for Advanced Studies:National Institute of Multimedia Education

Abstract

美術館初心者が美術館での学習につまずく原因の一つに,美術館展示から意味を構築する能力である博物館リテラシーが不足していることがあげられる.そこで,本研究では初心者の博物館リテラシーの不足を補うため,演繹的に作品を解釈できるように作品理解の観点を教授する博物館認知オリエンテーション(Cognitive Orientation of Museum:COM)という博物館学習支援モデルを提案する.本研究では,そのCOMの博物館学習における有効性を明らかにするために,COMに沿った学習教材を開発し,一般的な解説教材と比較し,その効果を検証した.

Learning in museums is considered that visitors construct their original knowledge or experiences through museum objects as learning resources. However, it is said that they need museum literacy to interpret them, and such literacy is not an innate but acquired ability from their previous knowledge and experiences. Unfamiliar visitors tend to fail museum learning because of their lacks of the literacy. Therefore, museums should compensate their shortages to develop their learning, but the way has yet to be revealed. This study aims to propose a way to support museum visitors to construct an interpretive framework for studying objects. We analyzed what kind of information constitutes museum literacy by reference to the previous researches. According to this analysis, we outlined a pedagogical process model named as the Cognitive Orientation of Museum and developed a learning material based on the COM to investigate this effect on an actual museum experience. We investigated the effects through a comparative experiment between the COM material and the other interpretative material. As a result, the COM model showed the positive effects on the users' museum learning.

Journal

  • Japan Journal of Educational Technology

    Japan Journal of Educational Technology 33(1), 11-21, 2009

    Japan Society for Educational Technology

References:  31

Cited by:  4

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007331924
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11964147
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1349-8290
  • NDL Article ID
    10377848
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-904
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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