逡巡、躊躇に関する考察 : 動物と人間におけるコンフリクト(V 心理,慶応義塾創立百年記念論文集)  [in Japanese] A Theoretical Study on Hesitating Behavior : Conflicts in Animal and in Man  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

V 心理,慶応義塾創立百年記念論文集序コンフリクトの成立条件動物を用いた実験的研究人間に於ける逡巡、躊躇この種の定式化の意義に関する考察The theoretical model developed by K. Lewin and by N.E. Miller concerning conflict were discussed with special emphasis upon its application to typical cases taken from examples in human behavior. The model formulates the conditions of the life space under which a subject should fall into conflict. In reviewing a few experimental studies on conflict carried with albino rats and with cats, it was pointed out that these studies did not directly concern with verification of the assumptions underlying the model. In fact, the model needs no experimental verification because of the logical nature in its formulation. This model is always a matter of interpretation which is to be offered whenever conflict is observed, but it is not concrete enough to predict in advance the precise course of behavior which is to be observed under the given conditions. Nevertheless, it seems to the author, the model is worth formulating because it provides us with some informations concerning conflict which can not be attained otherwise. For instance, it was argued as a logical consequence of the model that a subject will never fall into conflict unless there is, explicitly or implicitly, a negative force influencing its behavior. And it was also discussed that taking into consideration by man the subjective probability of achieving a positive goal or of avoiding a negative goal is what distinguishes conflict in man from that in animal.

The theoretical model developed by K. Lewin and by N.E. Miller concerning conflict were discussed with special emphasis upon its application to typical cases taken from examples in human behavior. The model formulates the conditions of the life space under which a subject should fall into conflict. In reviewing a few experimental studies on conflict carried with albino rats and with cats, it was pointed out that these studies did not directly concern with verification of the assumptions underlying the model. In fact, the model needs no experimental verification because of the logical nature in its formulation. This model is always a matter of interpretation which is to be offered whenever conflict is observed, but it is not concrete enough to predict in advance the precise course of behavior which is to be observed under the given conditions. Nevertheless, it seems to the author, the model is worth formulating because it provides us with some informations concerning conflict which can not be attained otherwise. For instance, it was argued as a logical consequence of the model that a subject will never fall into conflict unless there is, explicitly or implicitly, a negative force influencing its behavior. And it was also discussed that taking into consideration by man the subjective probability of achieving a positive goal or of avoiding a negative goal is what distinguishes conflict in man from that in animal.

Journal

  • Philosophy

    Philosophy 35, 589-614, 1958-11

    Keio University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007353209
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00150430
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    05632099
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  IR 
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