ニューラナーク及びモンドラゴン協同組合について  [in Japanese] The New Lanark and the Mondoragon Corporation Cooperativan  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

On this paper we introduce New Lanark in Scotland and the Mondoragon Corporation Cooperativa (MMC) in Spain as typical measure examples of revitalization plan for local communities by Social Enterprise.New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. It was founded in 1786,and there were cotton mills and housing for the mill workers. Robert Owen, who carried on his father-in-law's ownership, tried to improve the workers' conditions. He paid particular attention to the children working at the mills, and opened the first infant school in Britain in 1816.New Lanark became a successful business and an epitome of utopian socialism.The New Lanark mills operated until 1968. The New Lanark Conservation Trust was founded in 1975,and have been restored most of the buildings.UNESCO nominated the New Lanark as World Heritage Sites in Scotland in 2001.Now New Lanark has become a major tourist attraction.The Mondoragon Corporation Cooperativa (MMC) in Spain is consists of approximately 150 cooperatives and 20000 members. The MMC invented an ideal organizational system such as OPEN ADMISSION,DEMOCRATIC ORGANIZATION,SOVEREIGNTY OF LABOUR,PARTICIPATORY,MANAGEMENT,PAYMENT SOLIDALITY etc.Solving the problems of risk taking of capital and labor, capital financing, the MMC satisfies democratic conditions of an optimal cooperative.

Journal

  • Annals

    Annals (6), 17-26, 2009

    Fukuyama City University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007354594
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215983
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13485113
  • NDL Article ID
    10324023
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF11 // ZE5(社会・労働--社会問題・社会保障)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-L31
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS 
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