意味変化の東西差 : 方言「エズイ」を例として  [in Japanese] Differences in Semantic Development between Eastern and Western Regional Dialects of Japan : Using ezui as an Example  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

エズイは中世の中央語として<対象を厭わしく感じる程度の恐怖感>を表していたが、各地に伝播して意味変化を起こした。関東に伝播したエズイは意味変化を重ね、関東で新しく生まれた意味が東北に伝播して二次的な意味変化を起こした。一方、西日本の各地域に伝播したエズイは個々の地域で独自の意味変化を起こした。このように中央語のエズイは関東を挟んだ東西の地域に伝播した結果、東では関東と東北で段階的な意味変化を遂げ、西では各地域で個別的な意味変化を遂げた。エズイが起こした意味変化の東西差は、東日本では関東が東北に対して求心力を持っていたこと、西日本では中央を除くと関東のような求心力を持った地域がなく複数の地域が拮抗状態にあったことを示唆する。

It is sometimes the case that after a word formally used in the central dialect of Japan spreads to the surrounding and outer regions, the meaning of the word undergoes a unique semantic change in each region. This paper uses the word ezui to demonstrate differences in semantic development. Ezui was originally used in the central dialect of Keiki (Kyoto and its surroundings) during the medieval era, to express "a fear of an object, to the extent of feeling discomfort." However, after its diffusion to the encompassing regions, the semantic development occurred differently between eastern and western Japan. In the Kanto region, the meaning of ezui developed gradually in the following pattern: "a fear of an object, to the extent of feeling discomfort">"(simply a) feeling of discomfort">"a feeling of difficulty in performing an act">"physical uneasiness." In the Tohoku region, the semantic development of ezui advanced even further, changing from "physical uneasiness" to "mental uneasiness;" this semantic change did not occur in the Kanto region. In western Japan, ezui maintained the original meaning of the central dialect in some areas, but in other areas, it changed into a degree adverb or an attribute adjective. In conclusion, with ezui, the difference in semantic development shows that in the east, the Kanto region greatly influenced in the Tohoku region, and in the west, the different regions developed independently.

Journal

  • Studies in the Japanese Language

    Studies in the Japanese Language 5(2), 31-46, 2009

    The Society for Japanese Linguistics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007357136
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11998386
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL Article ID
    10249062
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZK22(言語・文学--日本語・日本文学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-M894
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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