情報伝達という目標が社会的事象の原因説明に及ぼす効果 Effects of a communicative goal on causal explanation of social events

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著者

    • 菅 さやか SUGA Sayaka
    • 神戸大学大学院文化学研究科:日本学術振興会:(現)名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科 Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kobe University:Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
    • 唐沢 穣 KARASAWA Minoru
    • 名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科:日本学術振興会 Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University
    • 服部 陽介 HATTORI Yosuke
    • 名古屋大学大学院環境学研究科:日本学術振興会 Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University

抄録

People often infer the causes of observed actions and events, and explain the causes to others through communication. The present study examined the effects of a communicative goal on the causal explanation of criminal cases. Japanese college students were presented with a criminal case, along with an equal number of potential internal causes and external causes. The extremity of the crime (i.e., murder vs. robbery) was manipulated. Participants were asked to explain what led the protagonist to commit the crime, either in order to help another participant make judgments about the criminal person (i.e., communicative goal condition) or to use the explanation as a basis for their own judgments (i.e., individual goal condition). Participants then responded to a free re- call task. The results revealed that the communicative goal facilitated the use of both internal and external causal information in explanations. Path analyses indicated that causal explanation mediated the effect of the communicative goal on the memory of stimulus information. The importance of communication in the study of causal attribution and related domains were discussed.

収録刊行物

  • 社会心理学研究

    社会心理学研究 25(1), 21-29, 2009

    日本社会心理学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110007358074
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10049127
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0916-1503
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10338029
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z6-2798
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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