第二次世界大戦中の科学動員と学術研究会議の研究班 The mobilization of science and the 'Research Groups' under the National Research Council of Japan during World War II

この論文にアクセスする

この論文をさがす

著者

抄録

This article focuses on the activities of the Research Groups (Kenkyu han) promoted by the National Research Council of Japan (NRCJ) during World War II. Research collaboration has recently attracted the attention of many scholars as a factor in the development of Japanese technology. In fact, there were a large number of research collaboration activities during the period, and the Research Groups were one of the largest of such groups. NRCJ, established in 1920 under the supervision of the Ministry of Education, had been mainly involved in the promotion of international academic collaboration until World War II. But when the Board of Technology (Gijutsuin) was established for the mobilization of science and technology and the tide of the Pacific War turned against Japan, the Ministry of Education enforced a reform so that NCRJ could launch widespread research collaboration throughout the country. The Research Groups were organized in 1944, and at its peak had 193 groups and a total of over 1,900 scientists. Typical research issues included electronics, scarce and rare materials, and public health. These were similar to those of the Research Neighborhood Groups (Kenkyu tonarigumi), which were promoted by the Board of Technology, resulting in some duplication of activities between the two groups and leading to inefficiency in the mobilization of science and technology research.

収録刊行物

  • 社会経済史学

    社会経済史学 72(3), 331-353, 2006

    社会経済史学会

参考文献:  55件中 1-55件 を表示

被引用文献:  4件中 1-4件 を表示

キーワード

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110007358475
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00406090
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    ART
  • ISSN
    0038-0113
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    8709708
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZD12(経済--経済学--経済史)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z3-408
  • データ提供元
    CJP書誌  CJP引用  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
ページトップへ