西オーストラリア州におけるメディア・リテラシー教育の現状と課題  [in Japanese] The Present State and the Problems of Media Literacy Education in Western Australia  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 中村 純子 NAKAMURA Sumiko
    • 東京学芸大学大学院連合学校教育研究科博士課程 The United Graduate School of Education Tokyo Gakugei University

Abstract

本研究では西オーストラリア州のメディア・リテラシー教育の現状と課題を探る.カリキュラム,教科構造,指導計画,学習者の意識調査の結果を分析した結果,次の三つの示唆が得られた.(1)学習者は必修教科の英語科でメディア言語を学び,芸術科の選択科目「メディア制作と分析」で社会学の領域を含めたメディア・スタディーズを学習する.系統性を持つ教科横断的カリキュラムはメディア・リテラシー育成の効果が期待される.(2)学習者は,「制作」課題を通して「メディア言語」「オーディエンス」「制作の背景」を学び,その学習内容を「調査」「レスポンス」の課題で応用する.制作と分析の学びの往還が学習者の意欲を高め,メディア・リテラシー向上に役立っていた.(3)「書くこと」は分析理論の理解に有効な方略であると考えられる.学習者は「書くこと」の活動を通して習得した分析理論が,日常生活の情報を分析する上で役立つと感じていた.ただし,学習内容の難しさと,課題の量に負担を感じる学習者もいた.今後のカリキュラムや課題の検討の余地が指摘できよう.

The purpose of this study is to analyze the current situations and problems of the education of media literacy in the state of Western Australia. From the analysis of the curriculum and the subject structure, the lesson plans, and the opinion poll of students, the following three things became clear. 1. All students study the media language in a subject of English, and they can also elect to study the media as a discrete subject. In Year 11 and 12 this course is called Media Production and Analysis. The cross-curriculum of the overarching subjects is expected to be effective to learn media literacy. 2. The student learns an analysis theory of three domains: media language, audience, and context of production. By process of the production activity and utilizing the theory by analysis of the media information, it seems that it was effective for the improvement of the media literacy. 3. Writing is the effective strategy to understand analysis theory. The students learned an analysis theory by the activity of "writing" and they thought that the theory was useful for analysis of information on daily life. However, some students felt the content of the study of the curriculum was difficult and that there seemed to be too much content to be covered in a short time. From this date, it would be expected to reduce the curriculum and to simplify the contents of the curriculum.

Journal

  • Japan Journal of Educational Technology

    Japan Journal of Educational Technology 33(2), 161-170, 2009

    Japan Society for Educational Technology

References:  18

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007386723
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11964147
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    REV
  • ISSN
    1349-8290
  • NDL Article ID
    10615272
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-904
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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