教育用SCMシミュレータの設計とその実施の検証  [in Japanese] Design of an Educational Supply Chain Management Simulator and Verifying Its Application  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

本論文は,サプライチェーン・マネジメント(以下SCM)の理解を深めるために,教育的側面を備えたSCMシミュレータの設計とその実施を検証することを目的とする.具体的には,「市場」,「小売店」,「販売会社」,「メーカー」,「サプライヤ」から構成されるモデルを構築し,学習者の意思決定を通じて(1)在庫量低減,(2)販売機会損失低減,(3)リードタイム短縮,(4)需要予測向上,という四つの目標を達成させることに焦点を置く.そこから情報共有,情報分析・伝達,生産や販売などの諸計画の重要性が理解できるようにする.また教育的側面を考慮し,意思決定支援情報やアドバイス機能の充実を図る.提案したSCMシミュレータを大学院生に対して実施し,SCMの理解度を考察する.

Authors tried to design an educational supply chain management (SCM) simulator and verify its application in effect to deepen the understanding of SCM. The purpose of the simulator is to achieve improvements in the ratio of target values: 1) lack of inventory, 2) loss of sales opportunities, 3) shorter lead-time, and 4) improve demand forecasts. In addition, the learner can understand the importance of information sharing, information analysis, production, and sales. The simulator model is composed of "market," "retail store," "sales company," "manufacturer," and "supplier." The market is broken down into two sub-markets, and two products are sold according to the each market. Product parts should be delivered from three suppliers. The manufacturer processes and constructs the products, and delivers them to five retail stores. The sales company collects the sales results from the retail stores and transmits the data to the manufacturer. There are four manufacturing companies: one learns progressively, and the other three are competitors that make decisions automatically. Therefore, the learning company should compete not only in sales, profit and market share, but also selection of the supplier for parts delivery. Moreover, from the educational viewpoint, the simulator has sufficient support functions to assist in decision-making problems or give advice when trouble is experienced. The proposed SCM simulator is to be used by graduate students for examining the effectiveness and understanding of SCM.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Industrial Management Association

    Journal of Japan Industrial Management Association 59(1), 85-93, 2008

    Japan Industrial Management Association

References:  10

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007521753
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10561806
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    NOT
  • ISSN
    1342-2618
  • NDL Article ID
    9505981
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZD23(経済--企業・経営)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z4-298
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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