小学生をもつ親が子どもと「死」について話すことの意識と実態 An Exploratory Study of Attitudes toward Death and the Discussion of Death among Children and Their Parents

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対象は、小学生の子どもをもつ養育者868名。調査内容は、子どもの「死」に関する体験、子どもとの「死」について話すことや子どもが死別を体験した時の対応に関することである。対象は、母親93%、父親6%、年代別では、30歳代と40歳代で80%を占めた。子どもの体験は、ペットとの死別約50%、通夜・葬式の出席、病気のお見舞いの体験は85%以上、死別の体験は42%があり、死別相手は祖父母が71%と最も多かった。親の91%は、死別した時期に子どもと死について話している。普段から子どもと「死」について話をすることのあるものは約70%で、ニュースの事件や話題が最も多い。幼児期から学童期のどの年代の子どもに対しても親は、「死」について話すことは80%以上が大事であると答えていた。親の多くは子どもと「死」について話すことに意識は高かった。しかし、30%の親はほとんど話すことがなく、今後子どもと「死」について一緒に考えることの意義を伝える必要があると考えた。

This study aims to explore how children respond to their experiences of death and other related forms of loss. It also examines what kinds of communication exist between children and their parents regarding death and loss experiences. Subjects comprised 868 parents with children from 1st grade through 6th grade volunteered to participate in the study. The majority of responses from the parents was from mothers (93%, vs. fathers 6%), and most participants (80%) were in their 30s and 40s. Common loss experiences among the children were the attending of funerals and visiting sick family members (85%), loss of a pet (50%), followed by death of parents or grandparents (42%). Of those who experienced loss in the form of death, 71% concerned the death of grandparents. 91% of parents reported that they discussed the circumstances of the death with their children. Of those parents, 70% said they had a conversation about death and dying with their children on a daily basis, and many said that social problems and news reports concerning murder and suicide cause them to bring up that conversation. Many parents believe that it is important to have death related" conversations from early on in their children's lives, but more than 30% of parents reported that they never had an opportunity to have such discussions with their children.While the desire of parents to provide death education for their children is quite strong, according to the results, only 30% of parents have such opportunities to communicate with their children about death and loss experiences.

収録刊行物

  • 天使大学紀要

    天使大学紀要 9, 81-92, 2009-06-30

    天使大学

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110007535560
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11568183
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    13464388
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    10376611
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZV1(一般学術誌--一般学術誌・大学紀要)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z71-F25
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS 
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