新卒看護師の職場適応に関連する要因に関する研究  [in Japanese] Analysis of factors relating to adaptability of newly graduated nurses in work places  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 三輪 聖恵 Miwa Masae
    • 首都大学東京人間健康科学研究科看護科学域 Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo metropolitan University
    • 志自岐 康子 Shijiki Yasuko
    • 首都大学東京人間健康科学研究科看護科学域 Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo metropolitan University
    • 習田 明裕 Shuda Akihiro
    • 首都大学東京人間健康科学研究科看護科学域 Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo metropolitan University

Abstract

本研究は,新卒看護師の職場適応に関連する要因を明らかにすることを目的とし,首都圏の15の医療機関に所属する新卒看護師を対象に自記式質問紙調査を実施した。職場適応を測定するために,看護職へのアイデンティティ尺度を用い,187名の新卒看護師を対象として,個人特性5項目(看護技術への自信と成長の実感,患者からの感謝,患者の回復,燃え尽き状態,など)と環境特性5項目(職務満足度,プリセプターシップ,周囲からの支援など)との関連を分析した。その結果,職場適応と関連が見られたのは,看護技術への自身の程度,患者からの感謝,患者の回復,燃え尽き状態,職務満足度,プリセプターからの支援,周囲からの支援であった。これらの要因について重回帰分析(step-wise法)を行ったところ,燃え尽き状態,患者からの感謝,先輩看護師のロールモデルの3つの変数によって,新卒看護師の職場適応の41.4%が説明された。

The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors related to newly graduated nurses' ability to adapt themselves to work places. A self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among 187 newly graduated nurses at 15 hospitals in the Tokyo metropolitan area. Nursing Professional Identity Scale was used to measure the 187 nurses' identity in relation to individual characteristics (satisfaction at nursing skills, gratification from one's patients, feeling to patients' recovery, state of burning out, etc.) and their environmental characteristics (job satisfaction, significance of preceptor, support from staff). These characteristics were analyzed in relation to the nurses' adaptability to work places. The resultant factors were "statisfaction at nursing skills, gratification from one's patients, feeling to patients' recovery, state of burning out, job satisfaction support from one's preceptor and support from staff." These factors were regarded as explanatory variables after having conducted multiple regression analysis (step-wise). As a result, three variables, "state of burning out, gratification from one's patients, role models of senior nurses" explained 41.4% of the newly graduated nurses' adaptation to work places.

Journal

  • The Journal of Japan Academy of Health Sciences

    The Journal of Japan Academy of Health Sciences 12(4), 211-220, 2010

    Japan Academy of Health Sciences

References:  34

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007593171
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12001334
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1880-0211
  • NDL Article ID
    10644462
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS7(科学技術--医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B494
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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