英語でのスピーキングに対する抵抗感の軽減 Reducing EFL learners' unwillingness to speak English
The current study investigated the change of EFL learners' unwillingness to speak English. 103 Japanese university students were analyzed in terms of whether they had reduced their unwillingness to speak English after they were engaged in activities devised based on the principles of SPM (sentences per minute: Soesi, 2005). Data on their unwillingness to speak English was collected before (Time 1) and after (Time 2) three weeks of instruction. Unwillingness to speak English was conceived of a complex of three factors, i.e., high anxiety, low perceived competence, and avoidance of speaking. Comparison of the means of the three factors for Time 1 and 2 showed that the means for Time 2 were lower than Time 1. Matched-sample t tests were performed on the three variables, the results of which indicated that the differences were statistically significant. In addition, examination of the changes of the individual learners and the results of cluster analysis showed that, although some learners showed an increase in their unwillingness to speak English, a large percentage of the learners had decreased their unwillingness.
大学英語教育学会紀要 (48), 53-66, 2009