育児中の母親の幸福感 : 就労別にみた母親の年齢, 子ども数, 末子年齢による幸福感への影響  [in Japanese] Mothers' childcare happiness : Influence of employment status on mothers' happiness in child care  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究では、母親や末子の年齢、子どもの数といった属性が、母親の肯定的情動としての育児幸福感に影響があるかどうか、母親の就労状況別(フルタイム群、パートタイム群、家事従事群)に比較し検討する。参加者は、764名の0〜6歳の子どもをもつ母親である(フルタイム219名、パートタイム234名、専業主婦311名)。育児幸福感の測定には清水らが開発したChildcare Happiness Scale(以後CHSとする)用いた。母親年齢、子ども数、末子年齢を独立変数、8つの育児幸福感の下位尺度得点を従属変数としたモデルを、パス解析で多母集団同時比較を行い検討した。その結果、すべての群において子ども数は、CHSの8つの下位尺度得点に全く影響を与えなかったが、しかし末子年齢は、フルタイム群において「親としての成長」の得点に正の影響、そして専業主婦では負の影響があり、一方パートタイム群では影響がなかった。フルタイム群において、母親年齢は「子どもの成長」尺度得点に正の影響を与えたが、他の群においては影響がみられなかった。この結果より、フルタイムで働く母親にとって、母親や末子の年齢が増すことは「親としての成長」や「子どもの成長」の育児幸福感を高めることが示唆された。さらに、就労形態の異なる母親に対する育児教室における支援について検討した。(著者抄録)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of demographic factors (e.g., mother's age, youngest child's age, and number of children) on happiness in child care among mothers grouped by employment status. Participants included 764 mothers with children aged 0-6 years; 219 had full-time jobs, 234 had part-time jobs, and 311 were full-time homemakers. The Childcare Happiness Scale (CHS) developed by Shimizu et al. was used to measure mothers' happiness in child care. The CHS consists of eight subscales. Cause and effect were evaluated with path analysis, using mother's age, the youngest child's age, and number of children as independent variables, the eight subscales of CHS and subjective well-being scale as dependent variables. We found differences in mothers' child care happiness based on employment status. The number of children had no effect on the eight subscales in any group. However, age of the youngest child had a positive effect on the "growth as a parent" subscale in the full-time job group, a negative effect in the full-time homemaker group, and no effect in the part-time job group. Mother's age had a positive effect on the "children's growth" subscale in the full-time job group, but had no effect in the other two groups. These results suggest that mothers with full-time jobs felt more joy in their "growth as a parent" and "children's growth" as maternal age and children's age increased. We discuss the implications of working full time on mothers' mental health during child care and suggest that parenting classes should be tailored to employment status.

Journal

  • Japanese journal of maternal health.

    Japanese journal of maternal health. 51(2), 367-375, 2010-07-01

    Japan Society of Maternal Health

References:  9

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007657827
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0022863X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    03881512
  • NDL Article ID
    10779765
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS38(科学技術--医学--産婦人科学) // ZE5(社会・労働--社会問題・社会保障)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-1016
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  IR 
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