C.R.フェイの協同組合論 [in Japanese] C. R. Fay on Co-operation [in Japanese]
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Abstract: This article aims at providing a brief description of the analysis of Co-operation by C. R. Fay (1881-1961), a leading economic historian at the University of Cambridge. Fay defines the meaning of the word "Co-operation" as "the business organization for the weak". It is based on the argument about Co-operation by his predecessor, Alfred Marshall. He also takes account of its function that is not found in other voluntary associations (charity organization, trade union and so on) or ordinary business organizations to formulate his own definition of Co-operation. Next Fay clarifies factors which promote efficiency of Co-operation which does not exist in other business organizations. It is based on an analysis of four main categories (Co-operative Banks, Cooperative Agricultural Societies, Co-operative Worker's Societies and Co-operative Stores) of cooperative effort. It is also important to note that his successor at Cambridge inherited his analysis on the economic efficiency of Co-operation. Finally, Fay states that the more one attempts to bring Co-operation into focus with such notions as competition and socialism, the stronger grows the conviction that it cannot be resolved into these aspects. It is not the negation of competition, nor is it the herald of socialism. It centers about a common and original impulse of man, which inspires him to make his weakness a strength by the simple plan of joining with others who are similarly conditioned.
- Bulletin of Graduate School of Social & Cultural Systems at Yamagata University
Bulletin of Graduate School of Social & Cultural Systems at Yamagata University (7), 75-89, 2010-10