ヤコブス・ホイエル(1651-1689)とホメロス研究 : 「船のカタログ」を中心に [in Japanese] Jacobus Goyer (1651-1689) at the Dawn of Homeric Scholarship [in Japanese]
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The present paper, the 4th under the same title, continues to examine the nature and quality of the annotations which Jacobus Goyer of Utrecht inscribed on the margins of his copy of Homer printed by Aldo in 1517, focussing our attentions this time mainly on those he annotated on the passages, shortly before and in the Catalogue of Ships, B455-B877. It is shown that some of these annotations, on B484-605, were the first ones of all he inscribed, on the ground of careful examination of the line-numbers which Jacobus Goyer meticulously inscribed in red before he started annotating in black. Only the margins of B484-605 had been already filled with annotations when the line-numbers were about to be written in, so that the numerals had to be written in the open and irregular spaces left for them. These preoccupants, including several excerpts from the Leiden scholia (Le by Erbse, Voss. Gr.F. 64), and a long quotation from Cuyper's Consecratio Homeri, p. 130, clearly made up the starting premises, for or against which Jacobus Goyer started his Homeric explorations. First, the excerpts from Le help to simply glorify Homer's poetic power and his skillful use of similes, then comment on the poet's prayer to Muses, with the emphasis on the poet's special preparation for launching upon a theme new and never attempted before. Second, the quotation from Cuyper's rests on, as remarked by Jacobus Goyer, Porphyrius's statement, that the Catalogue represents the comprehensive total picture of the world, in respects of both geographcal descriptions and topographical details of individual cities and towns. And that is the reason why the law came to be established in the Greek world for the boys to learn the Catalogue by heart. Now in face of these two kinds of excerpts from the ancient sources, one is bound to question how they are related to the rest of annotations, about 40 in total for the main body of the Catalogue. Jacobus Goyer inscribes the passages of Statius and other poets whose Latin versions markedly differ from the Homeric Greek, or Strabon, Pausanias, or Pomponius Mela, whose Homeric quotations widely differ from the Aldine Homer. Jacobus Goyer is very far from blindly accepting Cuyper's or Porphyrius' estimate of the Catalogue. Moreover, his geographical searches do not stop at the ancient sources, but try to reach as far down as the contemporary geographical and historical surveys, by Vossius, Spon and Ricaut, for examples, of the east Aegean regions. The 40 or so annotations add up to a possible conclusion that the annotator, in contrast to Cuyper, saw the picture of the Aegean world in the phases of metamorphoses, and its archetype, Homer's Catalogue, subject to the continuous flux of textual variations. Now the poet, the creator of the archetype, is led to find his new place, no longer consecrated on the Olympos, but right on the trodden earth: the Catalogue could have been deemed by Jacobus Goyer to represent a record of the laborious passages along which the poet travelled and collected the locally preserved materials for his stock book of the Trojan songs.
- Journal of Classical Studies
Journal of Classical Studies 55(0), 1-23, 2007
The Classical Society of Japan