戦後初期コア・カリキュラムの「形態」としての問題と可能性 : 「明石プラン」の改訂過程を手がかりに  [in Japanese] The Problems and Possibilities of the Core Curriculum as "Form" in the Early Postwar Period : Revision process of "the Akashi plan"  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

本稿では,コア・カリキュラムという「形態」のうちに,カリキュラムの「固定化」を回避する可能性をもちえたいくつかの条件を見出した。対象を,コア・カリキュラムの典型,「明石プラン」にしぼってみると,以下の4つの条件が挙げられる。すなわち,(1)カリキュラム「全体」を貫く目的として,理想的人間像を設定したこと。(2)児童の「連続的」発展を見通して,カリキュラムの系列(シーケンス)を立てたこと。(3)カリキュラムの中心に据えた生活活動に,様々な要素を「接合」したものが,内容として構成されたこと。(4)実際に行った実践を踏まえて,カリキュラムを「連続的」に改訂し続けたこと。以上のような条件が,単元の内外でいかに実現していったかについて,「明石プラン」の研究紀要リスト,および単元の一覧表の作成を通じて検証してみた。また,二つの単元に関する「教育細案」(詳しく記載した教育計画)をとりあげ,改訂された点を具体的に明らかにした。最終的には,理想的人間像を個々の子どもに求めたために,コア・カリキュラムの「全体」としての「形態」をあらかじめ計画することが困難となったといえる。

I consider the conditions for avoiding the "immobilization" of the curriculum even while pursuing the "form" of a curriculum. Examining the "Akashi plan", a typical example of a Core Curriculum, as case study. I argue that there are four conditions: (1) That the overarching purpose of the curriculum be the cultivation of a holistic "ideal human" (2) That a curriculum sequence be set up which considers the projected "continuous development of the pupil" (3) Centering life activities in the curriculum, in addittion to conducting "practical use" of various elements, to realize such a "whole"/"continuous" curriculum. (4) That the curriculum be continuously revised in light of actual practice. I analysed how the above conditions were realized within and without units ("Tangen") by making a list of study bulletins and a table of units. In addition, about "Kyoiku Saian (a detailed education plan)" concerning two units, I clarified what was actually revised. Ultimately, difficulties arose in planning beforehand the core curriculum's holistic form because the ideal human was derived from individual pupils. "Form" in itself as "a master plan" of the Core Curriculum was dismantled to watch every individual child, to develop multiple units of a group according to their desires. However, this process also entailed an unfortunate tradeoff that led to the further division within subjects and courses.

Journal

  • Research Journal of Educational Methods

    Research Journal of Educational Methods 32(0), 37-48, 2007

    National Association for the Sudy of Educational Methods

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007723032
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00058176
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0385-9746
  • NDL Article ID
    8881523
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-948
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
Page Top