中学校学区域を単位とした小中連携支援シートの活用による学校不適応予防の効果  [in Japanese] Effectiveness of preventing school maladjustment by a cooperative transition system between elementary and junior high schools  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

本研究は,学校不適応の予防のために,特定の市全体で導入した「小中連携支援シートシステム」の実践の効果を検証することを目的とした。これは,わが国初の試みであり,小学校の期間に年間15日以上を欠席した小学6年生について記載されたシートと,その子どもへの支援について,教師向けに臨床心理の専門家が記載したコメントを活用するもので,6つの中学校と18の小学校とを結ぶ連携システムである。その結果,以下のことが明らかになった。(1)このシステムの導入前3年間と,導入後を比較した結果,市全体で,中学1年生の長期欠席の出現頻度に有意差が見られ,システムの効果が示唆された。(2)その中の2つの中学校を対象とし,導入効果の検討を行ったところ,導入後に年間欠席日数の増加抑制傾向が認められ,(3)とくに,小学6年生で欠席日数が6日以上の子どもの欠席日数に増加抑制の傾向が見られることが明らかになった。「小中連携支援シートシステム」の学校不適応の未然防止の有効性と,研究方法上の課題が考察された。

This study examines the effectiveness of preventing school maladjustment by establishing a cooperative transition system between elementary and junior high schools. We developed a specific form to exchange information between elementary and junior high schools about sixth grade students who missed more than 15 school days in a year. We also got clinical psychologists at elementary schools to put their professional comments on the forms about how junior high school teachers should handle the students' specific needs at the junior high school level. This system was first tested in Japan and was implemented in 6 junior high and 18 elementary schools in a city. The results were as follows: (1) the percentage of seventh grade students who missed more than 30 school days in a year significantly decreased compared with the percentages over the past three years. (2) At the two junior high schools that were targeted, the total number of students who missed school days in a year decreased after this system was implemented. (3) In particular, there was a significant decrease in the number of school days the students had missed more than 6 days in their sixth grade missed in their seventh grade. Thus, we showed the effectiveness of this cooperative transition system in preventing school maladjustment, and also identified the methodological problems of this type of study.

Journal

  • Journal of school mental health

    Journal of school mental health 13(1), 27-34, 2010

    The Association for School Mental Health

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007811730
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA1140918X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    13445944
  • NDL Article ID
    10887914
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-C588
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS 
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