潜在連合テストを用いた暗黙の知能観の査定と信頼性・妥当性の検討  [in Japanese] Assessment of participants' theories of intelligence: reliability and validity of the Implicit Association Test  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は,達成目標理論における暗黙の知能観研究において,顕在的測度(質問紙)と,潜在的測度(Implicit Association Test:IAT)を使用し,顕在・潜在の両側面から,参加者の暗黙の知能観を査定し,課題遂行場面で生じる感情や行動パターンとの関連を検証した。実験1では,IATの再検査信頼性を確認した。同時に,IATは顕在的な測度とは関連がみられないことを示した。実験2では,自己報告の他に,課題遂行中の参加者の表情を他者評定し査定した状態不安と,質問紙およびIATで査定した顕在・潜在的な知能観との関連を検討した。結果は,先行研究からの仮説どおり,顕在的測度と潜在的測度は,関連する対象が異なった。顕在的知能観は,自己評定式の尺度の回答に関連していた一方,潜在的知能観は,他者評定による自発的行動に関連していた。従来の研究で扱われてきた,顕在的測度で査定される意識的な領域のみならず,潜在的測度で査定される無意識的な領域への,更なる研究が必要であることと,潜在的な知能観を意識化するアプローチを用いた介入方法も検討する価値があることを示唆した。

In the present research, participants' implicit theory of intelligence was examined through explicit (questionnaire) and implicit (Implicit Association Test: IAT) measures. Relations between the explicit and implicit measures and the dependent variables (affect and performance) were examined in a task performance situation. The participants in Study 1 were 40 undergraduate and graduate students. The retest reliability of the Implicit Association Test was confirmed. No significant correlation was found between scores on the Implicit Association Test and explicit measures, such as social desirability. Study 2 examined relations between self-reported and other-rated state anxiety and participants' explicit/implicit theories of intelligence. The participants were 34 undergraduate and graduate students. The results revealed that the explicit measure of participants' theory of intelligence was related to their scores on the self-report scale, whereas the implicit measure was related to other-rated spontaneous behavior. The present research suggests that additional study of not only the traditional conscious domain but also the unconscious domain is necessary.

Journal

  • The Japanese journal of educational psychology.

    The Japanese journal of educational psychology. 58(3), 263-274, 2010-09

    日本教育心理学会

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110007817679
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00345837
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    00215015
  • NDL Article ID
    10858911
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-182
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  NDL-Digital 
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