沖縄県離島における若年母親の養育行動--一般母親との比較 [in Japanese] Parenting behaviors of young mothers on a remote island of Okinawa: a comparison with other mothers [in Japanese]
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Okinawa prefecture ranks first in Japan for its high birth rate (10.6/1,000 females is 15~19 years of age population in 2005) among young mothers less than 20 years old. One of the many problems associated with younger childbearing is a high risk of child abuse, which demands the development of effective support systems. The objectives of this study were to investigate characteristics of young mothers' parenting behaviors in city A on a remote island of Okinawa, and to contribute to a support system. Study subjects were 36 mothers who were younger than 20 years old at first pregnancy and who resided in city A with children aged 3 to 6 years, and as controls 75 other mothers (controls) who brought their children to a 3-year-old health examination and for whom the "young mother" category did not apply. Data were collected from structured survey questionnaires, and parenting behaviors were compared between the groups. Survey results of parenting behaviors implied a trait in which young mothers were less likely to build a nurturing environment as a mother at their own initiative than control mothers. It was also shown that the number of mothers whose discipline principles were different from other family members was significantly higher in the young mothers than in the control mothers, and it is speculated that young mothers demonstrate inconsistent parenting behaviors. While there were no significant differences in "child beating" identified in this study, further detailed investigation focusing not only on corporal punishment but also parental neglect will be necessary. In addition, this study revealed that young mothers tended to move frequently, which would lead to difficulties in providing continuous support to them. Building a regionally organized support system for young mothers was suggested by the study findings.
- Journal of Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing
Journal of Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing (10), 15-23, 2009-03
Okinawa Prefectural College of Nursing