文政京都地震(1830年)における京都盆地での被害要因の検討--桟瓦葺屋根の普及による被害の拡大 [in Japanese] Examination of damage factors in the Kyoto-basin due to the 1830 Bunsei Kyoto Earthquake: expansion of damage caused by diffusion of the pantile roofs [in Japanese]
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A large earthquake, called the"Bunsei Kyoto earthquake,"occurred at about 3 : 00 P.M.-5 : 00 P.M. 2nd day of 7th month, Bunsei 13th (Gregorian calendar: 19 August, 1830) in Kyoto, Kinki district, Japan, causing enormous damage, especially in the central part of Kyoto city. Large structures of representative architecture in Kyoto city at the time such as the Nijo Castle, Imperial Palace, and major temples, as well as the walls (e.g., stone walls or tamped earthen walls) surrounding them were heavily damaged. Further, there were collapses of a number of Machiya, traditional Japanese residential architectural style incorporating workplaces of merchants and craftsmen, which caused many casualties. About 60% of the area of Kyoto city was occupied by such buildings housing merchants and craftsmen in those days. One major contributing factor of the collapses of Machiya is thought to be the rapid diffusion of pantile roofs in the 19th century.
- Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Institute,University of Tokyo
Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Institute,University of Tokyo 85(1・2), 33-47, 2010
The University of Tokyo