高齢者が居住する住宅の浴室環境の現状 : 世帯構造と身長ならびに年齢との関連  [in Japanese] State of the bathroom environment in houses of elderly people : From the viewpoint of household composition, heights and ages  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

近年、高齢者の家庭内における不慮の事故が多く、そのうち、住宅に係わる事故の死因で多いのは、「浴槽等での溺死及び溺水」である。そこで、本研究では、高齢者の浴室での事故を防ぐために、高齢者が居住する住宅の浴室環境の現状を明らかにすることを目的とした。高齢者が居住する浴室環境について実測調査を行い、浴室環境と世帯構造、身長および年齢との関連について分析した。195名の高齢者を対象に調査し、次のような結果を得た。高齢者単独世帯ほど推奨基準を満たしていないものが多く設備面の不備も多くみられた。身長の違いにより浴室に対する不満の内容が異なり、身長の高低の幅に対応した推奨基準の必要性が明らかとなった。年齢別では、子供世帯と同居世帯の後期高齢者の住宅の方が、浴室のサイズ面、設備面で安全対策がなされていた。今後は、単独世帯だけでなくすべての世帯において、年齢や身長に応じた浴室サイズや設備の改善が求められる。

Recently, many elderly people have suffered accidents at home, and a frequent cause of deaths in the home has been drowning in the bath tub. Therefore, this study was performed to clarify the state of the bathroom environment in the houses of elderly people to prevent such accidents in bathrooms. The bathroom environments of elderly people's homes were measured, and were analyzed from the viewpoint of household composition, height and age. As a result of a survey of 195 elderly people, the following results were obtained. The bathrooms of households consisting of an elderly person alone more often failed to meet the recommended standards and were poorly equipped. Since complaints about the bathroom differed according to height, recommended standards that are applicable to a reasonable range of heights were shown to be needed. According to age, safety measures with regard to the bathroom layout and facilities were more often seen in the houses of people in late old age, living with their children's families. In the future, improvements in the bathroom size and equipment according to the age and height are required not only in the homes of an elderly person alone but also in all households.

Journal

  • Journal of human and living environment

    Journal of human and living environment 11(2), 63-71, 2004

    Japanese Society of Human-Environment System

References:  16

Cited by:  2

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110008447669
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11443337
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1340-7694
  • NDL Article ID
    7350023
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE5(社会・労働--社会問題・社会保障)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-B695
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
Page Top