教員養成課程学生の自然観察的な自然事象への気づきに影響を及ぼす要因の検討  [in Japanese] Study on Factors to Affect Students' Notice to the Natural Things and Phenomena in the Pre-service Teacher Training Course  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

子どもの問題解決能力を育成するには,まず,その初発段階である問題発見能力や問題把握能力を育成することが必要である。筆者らは,自然の中で問題発見能力や問題把握能力を育成する指導法を開発するにあたり,それらの能力の基盤となる「自然事象への気づき」に影響を及ぼす要因の構造を明らかにしておくことが重要であると考えた。そこで,教員を志望する教員養成課程の学生を対象に,自然観察的な自然事象への気づきとそれに影響を及ぼすと考えられる諸要因の関係を明らかにすることを目的とした。「自然事象への気づき」を目的変数とし,「身近な自然に関わる体験」,「数学への好感度」,「理科に対する自信」,「自然・科学技術への知的好奇心」,「科学的探究の経験」,「理科への好感度」,「物づくり体験」を説明変数としてt検定を行い,それらの関係を統計的に検討した。その結果,自然観察的な「自然事象への気づき」の得点の上位群は,下位群に比べて,「身近な自然に関わる体験」,「理科に対する自信」,「自然・科学技術への知的好奇心」,「科学的探究の経験」,「理科への好感度」の5因子の平均点が有意に高かった。このことから,「自然事象への気づき」はこれらの5つの因子が複雑に絡み合って育成される能力であると推察された。

In order to foster children's problem-solving ability, it is first necessary to increase the problem-discovery ability and problem-acquiring ability as an initial stage of the problem-solving process. To develop a teaching method for fostering the problem-discovery ability and problem-acquiring ability in the nature, we think it important that we demonstrate the structure of factors affecting students' notice to the natural things and phenomena which is the base for these abilities. The aim of our study is to clarify the causal relationship among factors to affect their notice to the natural things and phenomena for them who take the course of science teaching method for the primary school. We conducted the inspection for "notice to the natural things and phenomena" as a purpose variable and "experience in familiar nature", "favorable impression of mathematics", "confidence in natural science", "intellectual curiosity about nature and scientific technology", "experience in scientific research", "favorable impression of the natural science", and "experience in making things" as explanatory variables and inspected statistically the casual relationship among them. As a consequence, we found that the group of students who obtained high scores for "notice to the natural things and phenomena" showed a significantly higher average of the following five factors of "experience in familiar nature", "confidence in natural science", "intellectual curiosity about nature and scientific technology", "experience in scientific research", and "favorable impression of the natural science". This finding suggests that "notice to the natural things and phenomena" is an ability that is nurtured by intertwining these five factors in the complicated way.

Journal

  • Journal of research in science education

    Journal of research in science education 51(2), 21-27, 2010-11-05

    Society of Japan Science Teaching

References:  9

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110008513398
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11406090
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    13452614
  • NDL Article ID
    10878079
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF9(教育--各科教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1282
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS 
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