地方の若者による労働世界の再構築:──ローカルな社会状況の変容と労働経験の相互連関──  [in Japanese] The Reconstruction of the Labor World by Youth in Rural Areas:The Interrelation between Change in Local Social Circumstances and Labor Experiences  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿は,ある高卒就職者たちの〈語り〉をもとに,地方の若者による労働世界の再構築過程を,ローカルな社会状況と彼らの労働経験との相互作用として考察した。<BR> 従来,調査協力者の「地元」における男性労働は建設業・製造業を中心とし,なかでも建設業は職人世界を形成してきた。調査協力者は不明確な進路意識のもとで高校を卒業し,建設現場で接した「職人天下の物語」や「ボス」をもとに彼らの《職人》像を構成し,職業人としてのアイデンティティを構築しようとした。<BR> しかし,地元建設業を囲繞する環境は近年厳しさを増し,零細企業から仕事を奪っている。そうした地元建設業界の構造を理解するなかで,調査協力者たちは《職人》の物語に「終わり」を悟っていった。その後,彼らは工場労働に生活安定の場を求めてゆくが,学歴や年齢で序列化され,高度に分業化された工場労働のシステムは,目指すべき明確な労働者像を彼らに与えない。ところが彼らは,工場労働を《職人》世界の基準を用いて語ることで異化=再構築し,再び職業人としてのアイデンティティを語る文脈を自ら用意していたのである。<BR> 地域的な労働世界を再生産する文化のダイナミクスは地方にいまなお残存している。地方の若者が抱えるローカルな課題へ注目することは,もっぱら大都市のフリーター・無業者問題を論じてきた「学校から職業への移行」研究に,新たな地平をひらくと思われる。

The aim of this paper is to reveal the process of the reconstruction of the labor world byyouth who find a job immediately after graduating from high school in rural areas as the interaction of local social circumstances and their experiences of labor. This was carried out through a qualitative analysis of their narratives.<BR><BR>Up to now, in the rural area of the informants in this paper, the construction and manufacturing industries have been the core of male labor. Especially, the former has formed "the craftsman"world. Informants found jobs in construction work with an uncertain career consciousness. However, they tried gradually to image their own identity as a worker in their own <i>craftsman</i> world through the encounter with "the golden story of a craftsman" or "boss" at their construction site.<BR><BR>Nevertheless, because of the recent poor condition surrounding the regional construction industry, small and tiny construction enterprises have had difficulties obtaining work. This structure forced informants to realize "the end" of the golden story. They then sought livelihood stabilization in "factory labor," but the system of factory labor, which is hierarchal in terms of academic credentials and age, as well as being highly specialized, often obscured the clear images of labor to which they aspired. However, they attempted to divert the norms and rules of the <i>craftsman's</i> world to the particular aspect of factory labor, especially job performance or pecking order. By narrating this, theywere able to catabolize and reconstruct factory labor as the <i>craftsman's</i> world and construct a contextinwhich it is possible to once more narrate their own identity as a worker.<BR><BR>In the rural area, the cultural dynamics leading the reproduction of the regional labor world still remain. This paper implies that to focus on what youth encounter in the local social circumstances where they live and work enables the analysis of former studies about "transition to occupation from school,"which have mainly discussed the effect of globalization on <i>Freeters</i> or <i>Mugyousya</i> problems in Japan, through the use of an alternative framework.

Journal

  • The Journal of Educational Sociology

    The Journal of Educational Sociology 88(0), 251-271, 2011

    THE JAPAN SOCIETY OF EDUCATIONAL SOCIOLOGY

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110008673106
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0005780X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3145
  • NDL Article ID
    11122026
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-188
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE  NDL-Digital 
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