河川堆積物を用いた中国地方の地球化学図による元素濃度のバックグラウンド評価  [in Japanese] Investigation of elemental behaviors in Chugoku region of Japan based on geochemical map utilizing stream sediments  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

We created geochemical maps of the Chugoku region, Japan by chemical analysis of 265 stream sediments and examined the background distribution of elemental concentrations. The geochemical maps strongly reflect the surface geology and mineral deposits. Factor analysis applied for our geochemical data suggests that granite, felsic volcanic, and mafic-ultramafic rocks mainly control the spatial distribution of elemental concentrations in stream sediments. The correspondence of elemental concentrations to respective surface geology is clearly revealed by a multiple comparison. The spatial distributions of Be, Na<sub>2</sub>O, Nb, rare earth elements, Ta, Th, and U contents correspond to granite distribution. Felsic volcanic rock contributes to high concentrations of Rb, Cs, Ba, and Tl. The distributions of MgO, Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>, P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>, CaO, 3d transition metals (except Cu), and Sr concentrations are controlled by mafic and ultramafic rocks. The ultramafic rock has very strong influence to the spatial distributions of MgO, Cr, Ni, and Co concentrations, although they crop out in a small area. However, limestone in accretionary complexes has no positive effect on CaO and Sr abundances in stream sediments. The distribution patterns of some elements (Cu, Zn, As, Mo, Cd, Sn, Sb, Hg, Pb, and Bi) have close relationships to the distributions of mineral deposits such as Cu, Zn-Pb, As-Sb, W-Sn-Mo, and Hg deposits. Especially, Akenobe and Ikuno mines (the largest hydrothermal deposits in the study area), and Yoshioka, Mihara, and Koizumi mines (hydrothermal and skarn deposits) contribute to highly enrichments of these elements. However, not all geochemical anomalies for these elements correspond to the distributions of mineral deposits. The active erosion and heterogeneity of ores in stream sediments probably hide their influence to elemental distribution.

Journal

  • Chikyukagaku

    Chikyukagaku 38(4), 203-222, 2004

    The Geochemical Society of Japan

References:  35

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110008680079
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00141280
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    0386-4073
  • NDL Article ID
    7211645
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZM41(科学技術--地球科学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z15-645
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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