身体活動ピラミッドの概念と行動変容技法による大学生の身体活動増強 Physical activity enhancement among Japanese college freshmen through the concept of "Physical Activity Pyramid" and behavior change skills

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著者

    • 木内 敦詞 Kiuchi Atsushi
    • 大阪工業大学知的財産学部健康体育研究室 Section for Health-Related Physical Education, Faculty of Intellectual Property, Osaka Institute of Technology
    • 浦井 良太郎 [他] Urai Ryotaro
    • 大阪工業大学知的財産学部健康体育研究室 Section for Health-Related Physical Education, Faculty of Intellectual Property, Osaka Institute of Technology
    • 中村 友浩 Nakamura Tomohiro
    • 大阪工業大学知的財産学部健康体育研究室 Section for Health-Related Physical Education, Faculty of Intellectual Property, Osaka Institute of Technology

抄録

本研究の目的は、身体活動ピラミッド(Corbin & Lindsey, 1997)の概念と行動変容技法を取り入れた半期の体育授業が、日本の大学の初年次男子学生(N=322)の身体活動量に及ぼす影響を検討することであった。非介入群(N=156)は「健康関連体力テスト2回」「講義1回」「スポーツ活動9回」を含む授業を受講し、介入群(N=166)はそれに加えて身体活動増強のためのプログラム「身体活動ピラミッドの概念学習」「行動変容ワークシートの実践」「日常における身体活動状況のモニタリング」を含む授業を受講した。受講の前後で日歩数は変化した(非介入群7841±2965歩-7693±2781歩[-1.9%]、介入群7890±2821歩-8546±2861歩[+8.3%])。分散分析の結果、非介入群に対する介入群の日歩数増加が示された。この介入群における日歩数の増加は、平日よりも休日の歩数増加に起因していた。身体活動評価表(涌井・鈴木,1997)を用いて受講前・受講後・追跡期における身体活動パターンを検討した結果、低い強度の身体活動量「日常活動性」ではいずれの測定時期においても両群に有意な差異は認められなかった。一方、中等度以上の強度の身体活動量「運動・スポーツ」では、受講後において非介入群に対する介入群の有意な高値が示されたが、受講終了3カ月後の追跡期では、「運動・スポーツ」における両群間の有意な差異は示されなかった。結論として、身体活動ピラミッドの概念学習と行動変容技法を取り入れた体育授業は、受講期間中、日本の大学の初年次男子学生の身体活動を増強することが明らかとなった。

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a semester of physical education class on Japanese college freshmen (N=322) by applying the concept of "Physical Activity Pyramid" (Corbin & Lindsey, 1997) and behavior change skills to their physical activity level. The control group (N=156) attended a class that included "two health-related physical fitness tests," "one lecture," and "nine sports activities." In addition, the intervention group (N=166) attended the class that included a physical activity enhancement program that comprised "Learning of the concept of the Physical Activity Pyramid," "Worksheet practice of behavior change skills," and "Monitoring of physical activities in daily life." The number of steps per day to be implemented were changed before and after attending the class (control group 7841 ± 2965 - 7693 ± 2781 [-1.9%], intervention group 7890 ± 2821 - 8546 ± 2861 [+8.3%]). The results of ANOVA revealed that the number of steps implemented per day in the intervention group increased as compared with those implemented in the control group. This increase in the number of steps in the intervention group occurred on a holiday rather than on a weekday. An examination of the physical activity pattern before and after attending the class, and at the follow-up period using the Physical Activity Assessment Scale (PAAS; Wakui & Suzuki, 1997) indicated that there was no significant difference in the measures of the relatively light physical activities in daily life, i.e., "Daily Activity" during each measurement time. On the other hand, in measures exercise/sports-related physical activities with more than moderate intensity "Exercise/Sports", the intervention group had significantly higher point than the control group after attending a class. However, with regard to the scores related to "Exercise/Sports," there was no significant difference between the two groups during the follow-up period (three months following the completion of the class). In conclusion, it is apparent that a physical education class that included the concept of Physical Activity Pyramid and behavior change skills enhances physical activity among Japanese college freshmen for the period of attending the class.

収録刊行物

  • 大学体育学

    大学体育学 3.1(0), 3-14, 2006

    公益社団法人 全国大学体育連合

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110008690908
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11915538
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-1296
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9631489
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZF21(教育--体育)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z71-L847
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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