聴覚障害者の体力・運動能力と視機能 [in Japanese] Motor performance and visual functions of Japanese individuals with hearing impairment [in Japanese]
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The data for the early-style Japan Fitness Test, which was implemented before 1998, have been collected and evaluated for every decade for students from schools for the Deaf in Japan. The collected data were compared with the age-matched national standard values provided by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The motor fitness of the students from the schools for the Deaf tended to be lower than that of the students with normal hearing. This was a common finding for all studies. No relationship was observed between motor fitness and hearing levels in the results obtained for the schools for the Deaf. Since the new Japan Fitness Test has been implemented in 1998, it has been used for both students from the deaf schools and hearing-impaired students who are registered at elementary schools. The school system was reformed after an amendment to the School Education Law was enacted in 2007. This reform will create new focus areas for research. Under visual support conditions, no significant differences were noted between the balance test results for the subjects with normal hearing and the hearing-impaired subjects. However, under conditions where there was no visual support, hearing-impaired subjects were significantly lower for maintaining balanced posture. These results indicate the visual superiority of individuals with hearing impairment over that of individuals with normal hearing. Furthermore, dynamic visual acuity may be superior for deaf athletes and for college students with hearing impairment. Further studies should focus on the characteristics of visual function in athletes and in students with hearing impairment during physical activity.
- Japanese Journal of Adapted Sport Science
Japanese Journal of Adapted Sport Science 9(1), 3-14, 2011
Japanese Society for Adapted Physical Education and Exercise