Integrating housing, care and social support in residential areas : Swedish and German concepts of future housing in old age(Keynote lecture & Symposium) Integrating housing, care and social support in residential areas : Swedish and German concepts of future housing in old age(Keynote lecture & Symposium)
Background: With more and more very old people and relatively less young people as well as an old population becoming more demanding what their self-determined life is concerned the provision of housing and care needs structural changes. Concepts of such changes have been developed in Europe including both Germany and Sweden. Methods: In Germany the Residential Area Concept has been developed by analyzing existing care and housing solutions that seemed better suited to future needs than traditional ones. Also examples from abroad were included. The results showed a great variety of solutions both in terms of forms of housing, and in particular of care provision for local areas. Results: In the German concept the focus is laid on strengthening social networks within rather small-scale residential areas where housing, care and social support should be integrated. Also special needs housing should be laid out to serve this purpose. Such a new care structure needs changes of the roles providers play. They must cooperate und encourage citizen participation. In Sweden, special forms of housing are in the focus of the more centralized social planning, but a revision towards a more community oriented approach is under discussion.
日本保健福祉学会誌 18(1), 28-40, 2011