援助論教育における演劇的手法の意味をめぐって : ミクロソーシャルワーク批判との対話  [in Japanese] How the Drama Method Works for the Education of the Micro Level Social Work : Response to Criticisms of Micro Level Social Work  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

ミクロレベルのソーシャルワークや心理臨床アプローチに寄せられる各種の批判を踏まえて,社会福祉教育における相談援助演習がそのカリキュラム冒頭で強調する「自己理解と他者理解」「他者とのコミュニケーション能力」等の涵養につき,今後のあり方を探るため,(1)各接批判動向を整理し,(2)ソーシャルワーク教育に果たす演劇的手法の意味を確認したうえで,(3)A女子大学社会福祉学科人間関係コース導入授業で演劇的手法を取り入れたグループワーク実践の結果を分析した.社会構成主義,障害理解の社会モデル,臨床心理批判等を踏まえるなら,導入の授業場面で起こった,(1)認知と体感の統合,(2)評価なしの空間における自由な振る舞いの発見を,単に個々人の気づきや変容志向のみに還元しないことが重要である.演劇的手法を取り入れたグループワークが,大局ではソフトな集団管理と価値の押しつけにならないよう,変わるべき制度のあり方とセットで論じることをはじめとする教育実践への示唆を得ることができた.

The importance of "self awareness and the ability to understand others" as well as "the ability to communicate with others" is emphasized in the counseling-practice curriculum of social work education. In order to foster these abilities, a department of social work introduced group work with a theater-art component in its communication course. This paper (1) reviews criticisms of Micro social work and psychotherapy approaches, social constructionism, and the social model of disability; (2) presents the utilization of drama as a method in a communication course; and (3) analyzes the course itself. The findings include that the students (1) experienced holistic cognition of self and sensitivity to others, and (2) discovered free expression within the non-judgmental class environment. It is important to understand the changes observed in the class as changes in awareness within a Mezzo-level system, rather than as individuals within a Micro-level system.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Social Welfare

    Japanese Journal of Social Welfare 52(2), 17-31, 2011

    Japanese Society for the Study of Social Welfare (JSSSW)

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110008728352
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00314800
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0911-0232
  • NDL Article ID
    11229564
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE5(社会・労働--社会問題・社会保障)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-275
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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