タイ族ムオン構造再考:――18-19世紀前半のベトナム,ムオン・ロー盆地社会の視点から――  [in Japanese] Rethinking the Tai <i>Muong</i> Structure Model::A View from a Valley Society of Muong Lo, Vietnam in the 18<sup>th</sup> and the Early 19<sup>th</sup> Century  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

Tai muong (muang) societies in the valleys of Northwestern Vietnam provided sources of information which allowed Southeast Asian scholars such as Georges Condominas to establish models of the traditional political system in Mainland Southeast Asia. However, the muong model in their work only reflects the situation of societies in the colonial and post-colonial era. This article focuses on the case of Muʼòʼng Lò valley, which Black Tai people believe to be the first land reclaimed by their ancestors. It also re-examines how the muong structure was historically formed in the context of dynamic changes in the Sino-Southeast Asian macro-region since the 18th century, such as mass migration from China, booming inland trade and expanding lowland powers especially the Nguyê˜n dynasty. The examination of documents in Han Nom (including đia ba triê`u Nguyê˜n, land registers of the Nguyê˜n dynasty) and in old Tai shows that Mu ̇ ʼòʼng Lò valley originally had dual centers and the structure with a center-periphery hierarchy which Condominas called systèmes à emboîtement did not emerge until the early 19th century. It is arguable that adoption to the changes led to political cohesion in Muʼòʼng Lò valley.

Tai <i>muong</i> (<i>muang</i>) societies in the valleys of Northwestern Vietnam provided sources of information which allowed Southeast Asian scholars such as Georges Condominas to establish models of the traditional political system in Mainland Southeast Asia. However, the <i>muong</i> model in their work only reflects the situation of societies in the colonial and post-colonial era. This article focuses on the case of Mường Lò valley, which Black Tai people believe to be the first land reclaimed by their ancestors. It also re-examines how the <i>muong</i> structure was historically formed in the context of dynamic changes in the Sino-Southeast Asian macro-region since the 18<sup>th</sup> century, such as mass migration from China, booming inland trade and expanding lowland powers especially the Nguyễn dynasty. The examination of documents in Han Nom (including <i>địa bạ triều Nguyễn</i>, land registers of the Nguyễn dynasty) and in old Tai shows that Mường Lò valley originally had dual centers and the structure with a center-periphery hierarchy which Condominas called <i>systèmes à emboîtement</i> did not emerge until the early 19<sup>th</sup> century. It is arguable that adoption to the changes led to political cohesion in Mường Lò valley.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies

    Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 50(1), 3-38, 2012

    Kyoto University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009428360
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00166463
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0563-8682
  • NDL Article ID
    023914416
  • NDL Call No.
    Z8-392
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE 
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