竹富方言の敬語補助動詞と対者敬語的終助詞(<特集>琉球語を見る/琉球語から見る)  [in Japanese] Honorific Auxiliary Verbs and Addressee-oriented Honorific Sentence-final Particles in the Taketomi Dialect(<Special Issue>Views of Ryukyuan, Views from Ryukyuan)  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

竹富方言の敬語は、他の八重山語諸方言と同様、話題の人物(第三者あるいは聞き手)を立てる素材敬語が敬語動詞ないしは敬語補助動詞によって表され、聞き手に対して丁寧さを示す対者敬語が終助詞(文末詞)によって表される。本稿では、前者のうち、尊敬の補助動詞「トールン」(to:runN、くださる)、謙譲の補助動詞「オイスン」(oisuN、差し上げる)・「ッシャリルン」(Q∫eriruN、申し上げる)に焦点を当て、どのような文脈において使用可となるか、どのような意味の漂白化(すなわち、文法化)の過程にあるかについて論じた。補助動詞「トールン」は恩恵の意味が逓減、補助動詞「ッシャリルン」は発言の意味が残存している。また、後者の対者敬語的終助詞のうち、「ユー」(ju:)と「ナーラ」(na:ra)の使い分けについて示した。いずれも聞き手への丁寧さを示すが、「ユー」は話し手が聞き手との距離を置く表現であり、「ナーラ」は話し手が聞き手と共通の基盤に立っていることを積極的に示す表現である。

Honorificity in the Taketomi dialect, as well as in the other Yaeyama dialects, is expressed in two ways: one is through the use of topic-person-oriented honorifics, which function as expressing respect for the person who is the topic, indicated by honorific verbs or auxiliary verbs; the other is through the use of addressee-oriented honorifics, which function to show politeness toward the addressee, indicated by sentence-final particles. Regarding the former type, in this paper I focus on the subject honorific auxiliary verb to:ruN (a respectable person 'gives'), and the object honorific auxiliary verbs oisuN ('give' to a respectable person) and Q∫eriruN ('say' to a respectable person), investigating in what context these can be used and at what stage of the bleaching (grammaticalizing) process they are located. It is observed that with the auxiliary to:ruN, the benefactive meaning is diminished; on the other hand, the auxiliary Q∫riruN retains the meaning of 'saying'. Regarding the latter addressee-oriented honorific sentence-final particles, I considered the distinction between ju: and na:ra. Though politeness toward the addressee is common to both particles, ju: expresses that the speaker keeps a distance from the addressee, whereas na:ra is used to actively show that the speaker and addressee share a common position.

Journal

  • Studies in the Japanese Language

    Studies in the Japanese Language 7(4), 55-68, 2011

    The Society for Japanese Linguistics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009436725
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11998386
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL Article ID
    11253665
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZK22(言語・文学--日本語・日本文学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-M894
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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