市場・貧困・統治:18世紀末から1830年代のフランスにおける政治経済学  [in Japanese] Market, Poverty, and the Government::The French Political Economy from the 1780s to the 1830s  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to examine the changes in the role played by the government in the market according to the theories of the French political economy from the 1780s to the 1830s. These theories are generally regarded as the precursors of "economics." This article reveals that these theories attempt to use the market politically aiming to develop the people's "well-being" or "happiness," and to redefine the government's role in the market. At the beginning of nineteenth century, J. B. Say and C. Dunoyer emphasized the political significance of a free industrial market. According to them, it enables the people's "moeurs" to be independent and self-disciplined, so as to establish a post-revolutionary political order. Some contemporary political economists such as J. Droz and M. T. Duchatel doubted the compatibility between the accumulation of wealth and the development of "happiness" of the people. They asserted the need for elementary education as it leads to the redistribution of "new wealth." Moreover, social economists from the 1830s, such as A. de Villeneuve-Bargemont and E. Buret, emphatically discussed the perverse effect of industrialization, stating that the concentration of capital inevitably caused the pauperization of most of the people. They believed that the new role of the government should be the "moralization" of the poor through the organization of intermediate groups such as religious associations, saving associations, charity groups, mutual societies, and patriarchal families.

The purpose of this article is to examine thechanges in the role played by the government inthe market according to the theories of theFrench political economy from the 1780s to the1830s. These theories are generally regarded asthe precursors of "economics." This article revealsthat these theories attempt to use the marketpolitically aiming to develop the people's"well-being" or "happiness," and to redefine thegovernment's role in the market. At the beginningof nineteenth century, J. B. Say and C. Dunoyeremphasized the political significance of afree industrial market. According to them, it enablesthe people's "moeurs" to be independent andself-disciplined, so as to establish a post-revolutionarypolitical order. Some contemporary politicaleconomists such as J. Droz and M. T.Duchâtel doubted the compatibility between theaccumulation of wealth and the development of"happiness" of the people. They asserted theneed for elementary education as it leads to theredistribution of "new wealth." Moreover, socialeconomists from the 1830s, such as A. de Villeneuve-Bargemont and E. Buret, emphaticallydiscussed the perverse effect of industrialization,stating that the concentration of capital inevitablycaused the pauperization of most of the people.They believed that the new role of the governmentshould be the "moralization" of the poorthrough the organization of intermediate groupssuch as religious associations, saving associations,charity groups, mutual societies, and patriarchalfamilies.JEL classification numbers: B 25, B 31

Journal

  • The History of Economic Thought

    The History of Economic Thought 52(1), 20-34, 2010

    The Japanease Society for the History of Economic Thought

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009458287
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12047164
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1880-3164
  • NDL Article ID
    10794166
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZD12(経済--経済学--経済史)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z3-193
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR  J-STAGE 
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