地域包括医療実習の受講生の特性とその教育効果に関する研究  [in Japanese] Characteristics of Medical Students who Took the Comprehensive Community Medicine Practice Course and the Effects of Education for Community Medicine  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Abstract

全国的に地域枠入学者による医学部定員増加が行われている.それに伴い医学部では,より良い地域医療教育の導入が求められている.そこで本研究は,地域医療を目指す学生の特性を知るとともに地域医療教育の効果を学生の自己評価点とSOC (Sense of Coherence) 得点の地域教育導入前後比較により検討することを目的とした.調査対象は,獨協医科大学医学部第1学年おける地域包括医療実習受講生の16名( 男子9名,女子7名:平均年齢18.9±1.0歳) と非受講生の1年生98名( 男子66名,女子32名:平均年齢19.9±1.7歳) である.平成22 年7 月15 日に対象者全員に対して研究の説明を行い,文書による研究参加への同意を得た後,行動規範26項目の自己評価 (7 点満点) とSense of Coherence (SOC) 29 項目及び生活習慣に関する質問12 項目に回答する自記式アンケート調査を行った.さらに,平成22 年12 月11 日に,受講生のみを対象に7 月15 日に施行したものと同一のアンケート調査を行った.地域包括医療実習I 受講生は,非受講生に比較して,家族と同居しているもの,現在運動をしていないものが多かった.また,学習態度の自己評価点とSOC 処理可能感の得点が有意に高かった.地域包括医療実習I の実習前後の変化を検討したところ,生活態度の自己評価が終了時には有意に上昇していた.しかしSOC 把握可能感の得点が有意に低下していた.地域医療教育導入前後でほとんどの項目で大きな変化はなかったが,生活態度の行動変容に良い効果が得られた.また,把握可能感が低下していたため,面接などで適切な支援が必要である.

The quotas of students who wish to be involved in communitymedicine have increased in medical schools in Japan.Accordingly, programs focused on community medicineare required in medical education. In this study weaimed to identify the characteristics of medical studentswho pursue community medicine. We also aimed to evaluatethe effects of the local community medical educationcourse for medical students by examining changes in thescores of self-evaluation of standards of conduct and in thescores of sense of coherence (SOC) before and after thecourse.Participants were 16 first-year students (9 men, 7 women;mean age, 18.9±1.0 years) at Dokkyo Medical Universitywho took the comprehensive community medicinepractice course( community medicine course students) and98 students (66 men, 32 women;mean age, 19.9±1.7years) who did not take the course( non-community medicinecourse students).Information on the study was provided on July 15, 2010,and written informed consent was obtained from all participants.A self-evaluation questionnaire comprising 26 itemsregarding standards of conduct, each to be rated on a seven-point scale, and a questionnaire comprising 29 items ofSOC and 12 items of lifestyle were used. Both questionnaireswere completed by all participants on July 15, 2010and by the community medicine course students on DecemberThe percentage of students who lived with their familiesand the percentage of students who did not regularly exerciseat the time of the questionnaire survey were higher inthe community medicine course students than in the noncommunitymedicine course students. In addition, the selfevaluationscore for attitude toward leaning and the SOCscore for sense of manageability were significantly higher inthe community medicine course students than in the noncommunitymedicine course students. In the communitymedicine course students, the self-evaluation score for attitudetoward life was significantly increased, while the SOCscore for sense of comprehensibility significantly decreasedby the end of the course.The comprehensive community medicine practice coursehad a positive effect on student attitude toward life, andpreferable behavioral modifications were observed, althoughscores for most items remained unchanged by the end ofthe course. Our findings revealed a decrease in sense ofcomprehensibility, indicating that appropriate student support,such as consultation, is necessary.

Journal

  • Dokkyo journal of medical sciences

    Dokkyo journal of medical sciences 39(3), 181-191, 2012-10-25

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009493295
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00629581
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0385-5023
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  IR 
Page Top