経済格差の是正政策に対する人々の賛意 : 機会の平等性と社会階層の認知が責任帰属に与える影響の検討  [in Japanese] People's attitudes toward income inequality policies: How perceptions of opportunity and social class affect responsibility attribution  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 橋本 剛明 HASHIMOTO Takaaki
    • 東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科:日本学術振興会 Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, The University of Tokyo:Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Abstract

The present study examined the determinants of people's attitudes toward the Japanese government's income inequality policies. We focused particularly on people's perceived inequality of opportunity and self-perceptions of social class, and their effects on the perceived responsibility of income inequality. General survey data of 798 individuals indicated that when people perceive education/work opportunities as generally controllable through personal ability and effort, they attribute both onset and offset responsibilities more to the poor and less to the government, consequently showing less support for government intervention. Moreover, people's perception of social class moderated how they view opportunity: only among low-class respondents did the perception that opportunities are influenced by one's parents' income or their gender lead to the perception that opportunity is uncontrollable. High-class individuals, on the other hand, perceived the effects of parental income and gender on opportunity to be independent of the controllability of opportunities, suggesting that they believe that ability and effort hold strong power over general opportunity.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Social Psychology

    Japanese Journal of Social Psychology 28(1), 13-23, 2012

    The Japanese Society of Social Psychology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009496274
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10049127
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0916-1503
  • NDL Article ID
    023894878
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-2798
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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