話者交替におけるあいづちの考察:―日本語母語話者と香港人日本語学習者の使用実態による対照研究を通して― The Comparison between Japanese native speakers and Cantonese learners of Japanese in using back-channels during turn-taking
Backchannels refer to both verbal and nonverbal behaviour that signal comprehension to the speakers. The use of backchannels during turn-taking by Japanese native speakers and Cantonese native speakers who are learners of Japanese is investigated. Conversations were investigated between Japanese native speakers (Conversation A), Cantonese speakers in their native language (Conversation B), and Japanese and Cantonese speaking in Japanese (Conversation C). Japanese native speakers are mainly concerned with the feelings of the listener and with mutual understanding between speaker and listener, so backchannels are often used in their conversations. However, for those Cantonese learners of Japanese, the main focus is whether or not messages are presented clearly, so backchannels play a less active role in both their Cantonese and Japanese conversations.
日本語教育方法研究会誌 10(1), 42-43, 2003