生命観に関する中学校2年生と高等学校1年生の比較分析 [in Japanese] Comparative Analysis of Second-Year Lower Secondary School and First-Year Upper Secondary School Students' Idea of Life [in Japanese]
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The purpose of this study is to clarify differences in perception regarding the idea of life and differences in the relationship between subordinate concepts between second-year students of a second lower secondary school and first-grade students of an upper secondary school. Comparisons of the score mean value for the idea of life from each school year showed that the score mean value for biological concepts was significantly higher for students in the first-grade of upper secondary school. Furthermore, they tended to regard living things as machines, so that the average score of "vitalism" was significantly high. As for the correlation between subordinate concepts, the number of subordinate concepts correlating with "conjecture", "personification", "value" and "life" was higher for the second-year students of the lower secondary school. Meanwhile, the number of subordinate concepts related to "objective knowledge" and "vitalism" was higher for those in the first-grade of upper secondary school. From the above, it is considered necessary to investigate students in the first-grade of upper secondary school by asking them what the difference between living things and a machine is. This is necessary in order to understand their "mechanism" in more detail, and to provide them with guidance to strengthen the relationship between "recognition" and "emotion".
- Journal of Science Education in Japan
Journal of Science Education in Japan 36(3), 273-282, 2012
Japan Society for Science Education