タイにおけるミャンマー人移民労働者の実態と問題の構図:――南タイ・ラノーンの事例から―― Labour and Livelihood of Myanmar Migrants in Ranong under the Current Legal Environments in Thailand
The Thai economy is supported by a large number of unskilled migrant workers from the neighbouring countries, especially Myanmar, since the late 1980s. However, the Thai government's system of receiving migrants has been largely defective, due to internal inconsistencies and conflicts among the different agencies of the government. Based on recent household-level surveys on Myanmar migrants in Ranong, southern Thailand, we delineate their work and living conditions—how they work hard for wages lower than the minimum wage that leave them with no surplus for remitting to their home country yet a large amount of debt, as well as the harassment and abuse they suffer in the hands of Thai government officials, etc. We also show the actual situation of Myanmar sex workers, including the serious problem of human trafficking they face. By interviewing various government agencies (including the police, labour department, hospitals, etc.), business associations, and NGOs, we show how the "structure" in which the Myanmar migrants are situated has emerged and is maintained.
東南アジア研究 50(2), 157-210, 2013