チアミン・トランスポーター遺伝子変異とWernicke様脳症(<特集>ビタミンB_1による認知症の予防・治療)  [in Japanese] Mutation in the thiamine transporter gene and Wernicke's like encephalopathy  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

We report on two previously healthy Japanese brothers with a newly discovered recessively inherited syndrome similar to Wernicke's encephalopathy that developed in the second decade of life; this syndrome was manifested clinically as thiamine-responsive diplopia, ptosis, gait ataxia, and disturbance of consciousness without serum thiamine deficiency. The administration of high-dose thiamine improved the symptoms within a few weeks. There was no history of chronic alcoholism in either patient. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed high-intensity signals in the bilateral medial thalamus and periaqueductal region on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images; these signals were characteristic of findings in Wernicke's encephalopathy. Genomic analysis of SLC19A3 encoding human thiamine transporter 2 (hTHTR2) revealed that the patients were compound heterozygotes for the K44E and E320Q mutations. Gene-expression analyses of mammalian culture cells showed intracellular thiamine uptake activity was decreased significantly. The identification of this syndrome showed a thiamine-dependent state and provides insight into the thiamine metabolism associated with Wernicke's encephalopathy in humans.

Journal

  • VITAMINS

    VITAMINS 86(11), 625-629, 2012

    THE VITAMIN SOCIETY OF JAPAN

References:  11

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009554186
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00207833
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    0006-386X
  • NDL Article ID
    024107339
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-36
  • Data Source
    CJP  CJPref  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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