生活保護の受給期間 : 廃止世帯からみた考察  [in Japanese] On the Duration of Public Assistance : Learning from the Experience of the Households Whose Assistance Has Been Terminated  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

生活保護の受給期間に関する議論では,毎年7月1日現在の被保護世帯を対象に,保護の開始から調査時点までを受給期間とする「被保護者全国一斉調査」(厚生労働省)が用いられるのが一般的である。これに対し,本研究は,A自治体における保護廃止世帯を対象に,保護の開始から廃止までを受給期間として分析し,保護継続世帯と合わせて生存分析を行った。その結果,以下の諸点が明らかとなった。第一に,一時点の受給継続世帯を対象とした調査では調査対象にあがらない1年未満廃止世帯が相当数存在する。第二に,世帯主の学歴・性別・世帯類型により受給期間に違いがみられた。第三に,自立助長という生活保護制度の目的に沿った保護廃止であるか否かにより受給期間の傾向は異なる。第四に,廃止世帯と保護継続世帯の双方を考慮した分析では,世帯主の性別と世帯類型により保護の継続確率(生存率)に違いのあることが推察された。

The National Survey of Recipients of Public Assistance, conducted by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, is commonly used to estimate the duration of public assistance. The survey measures the duration of public assistance by the number of days from the beginning date of public assistance to the time of the survey among those who have received assistance on July 1 every year. This study, in contrast, estimated the duration of public assistance from the beginning date of assistance to the termination date among those who moved out of public assistance in a municipality. This study produces the following findings. First, there are some recipients whose duration is less than one year and who are not captured by a survey conducted on a particular date once a year. Second, the duration varies by the educational attainment of the head of household and the type of household. Third, the duration depends on the reason for terminating the assistance, e. g., whether the termination is based on the prospect of independence. Finally, the survival analysis which uses both current recipients at the time of the survey and past recipients whose assistance has been terminated suggests variations in duration by household type and gender.

Journal

  • Social Policy and Labor Studies

    Social Policy and Labor Studies 1(4), 87-99, 2010

    Japan Association for Social Policy Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009554770
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1883-1850
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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