問題解決に必要な思考力と知識の活用力 : 学習者を対象とした実態調査 [in Japanese] A Survey Study on the Reasoning and Knowledge Application Skills Required in Solving Problems [in Japanese]
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A test on the reasoning and knowledge application skills required in solving the problemsin science has been administered to students in grades six, nine through twelve, and junior atuniversity. A total of 1, 083 students were involved in this field survey. Total testreliability, as computed by the Cronbachʼs Alpha was equal to .75 and it fell well within theacceptable range for a reliable and valid test. The results indicated as follows :１．Performance on the test was comparatively low. Correct responses judged as"excellent" were 0 to 6 percent of sixth grade, 18 to 37 percent of ninth grade, 0 to28 percent of super-science high school (SSH) students and 5 to 21 percent ofjunior at university.２．Developing the reasoning and knowledge application skills could be possible not onlyin compulsory education but also in super-science high school education, so that thefuture "excellent" scientists and engineers should be furnished as innovativemanpower to cope with the knowledge based society.３．The issues were raised that both pre-service and in-service teacher trainingcurriculum should place the special emphasis on the improvement of the scienceteachersʼ quality such as "creativity", that is, reasoning and knowledge applicationskills that were strongly expected as one of the goals of school education today.
- Bulletin of Center for Educational Research and Training Faculty of Education Kumamoto University
Bulletin of Center for Educational Research and Training Faculty of Education Kumamoto University (30), 1-14, 2013-02-28