問題解決に必要な思考力と知識の活用力 : 学習者を対象とした実態調査 [in Japanese] A Survey Study on the Reasoning and Knowledge Application Skills Required in Solving Problems [in Japanese]
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A test on the reasoning and knowledge application skills required in solving the problems\\\in science has been administered to students in grades six, nine through twelve, and junior at\\\university. A total of 1, 083 students were involved in this field survey. Total test\\\reliability, as computed by the Cronbachʼs Alpha was equal to .75 and it fell well within the\\\acceptable range for a reliable and valid test. The results indicated as follows :\\\１．Performance on the test was comparatively low. Correct responses judged as\\\"excellent" were 0 to 6 percent of sixth grade, 18 to 37 percent of ninth grade, 0 to\\\28 percent of super-science high school (SSH) students and 5 to 21 percent of\\\junior at university.\\\２．Developing the reasoning and knowledge application skills could be possible not only\\\in compulsory education but also in super-science high school education, so that the\\\future "excellent" scientists and engineers should be furnished as innovative\\\manpower to cope with the knowledge based society.\\\３．The issues were raised that both pre-service and in-service teacher training\\\curriculum should place the special emphasis on the improvement of the science\\\teachersʼ quality such as "creativity", that is, reasoning and knowledge application\\\skills that were strongly expected as one of the goals of school education today.
- Bulletin of Center for Educational Research and Training Faculty of Education Kumamoto University
Bulletin of Center for Educational Research and Training Faculty of Education Kumamoto University (30), 1-14, 2013-02-28