小中学校教師のストレスとバーンアウト,離職意思との関係  [in Japanese] Relationships between stress, burnout, and job turnover intention among elementary and junior high school teachers  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は,教師のストレスとバーンアウト,離職意思との関連を検討するため,小中学校教師176名を対象にストレッサー尺度とバーンアウト尺度,離職意思の有無をたずねる項目からなる質問紙調査を行い,有効回答の得られた170名を分析した。階層的重回帰分析の結果,職場環境に関する2因子(多忙感負担感)がバーンアウトと関連が強いことが明らかになった。そこで,「多忙感⊥「負担感」から「離職意思」へ至るプロセスに「バーンアウト」を介在させたモデルを用いた共分散構造分析を行った。その結果,多忙感では,最初に情緒的消耗感が高まるということが起こり,そこから脱人格化を介した経路,個人的達成感を介した経路,そして情緒的消耗感から直接,離職意思へ至る3経路が明らかになった。一方,負担感は脱人格化,個人的達成感を介した2経路で離職意思に影響を与えることが明らかになった。これらの結果から,バーンアウトを介して離職意思へ至る職場環境ストレッサーの影響力は,負担感の方が多忙感より大きいことが明らかになった。

To examine the relationships between stress, burnout, and job turnover intention among teachers, a questionnaire survey of stressor and burnout severity as well as job turnover intention was conducted with 176 elementary and junior high school teachers. A hierarchical multivariate analysis was performed on 170 valid responses. Two stressors related to work environment, perceived busyness and perceived burden, were found to have a strong relationship with burnout. A covariance structure analysis was then performed for a burnout-mediated model of the process leading from these stressors to job turnover intention. The results of this analysis demonstrated that the process leading from perceived busyness to turnover intention first involves an increase in emotional exhaustion then branches into three paths: (1) a path mediated by depersonalization, (2) a path mediated by personal accomplishment, and (3) a path directly mediated by emotional exhaustion. In contrast, perceived burden was demonstrated to effect turnover intentions through two paths: (1) a path mediated by depersonalization and (2) a path mediated by personal accomplishment. This indicates that perceived burden has more influence than perceived busyness as a workplace environment stressor that leads to job turnover intention mediated by burnout.

Journal

  • The Journal of Japan Academy of Health Sciences

    The Journal of Japan Academy of Health Sciences 15(4), 240-259, 2013

    Japan Academy of Health Sciences

References:  96

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009594900
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12001334
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    ART
  • ISSN
    1880-0211
  • NDL Article ID
    024582090
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B494
  • Data Source
    CJP  NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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