日本の山村の内発的発展とコモンズ  [in Japanese] "Endogenous development" and "the commons" of a mountain village in Japan  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 井上 真 Inoue Makoto
    • 東京大学大学院農学生命科学研究科 Department of Global Agricultural Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo

Abstract

山村の抱える課題として,農林業などの産業基盤や生活基盤の不備,そして,社会組織の脆弱化があげられる。そして,山村における産業基盤や生活基盤の不備については,効果の有無は別として,様々な対策が取られてきたが,「社会組織の脆弱化」については,これといった対策が取られてこなかった。この脆弱化した社会組織を再び活性化させるためには,地域に新しいアイデンティティを形成するための社会変化を促す必要がある。このような社会変化を促すためには,「内発的発展」が重要な役割を果たす。「内発的発展」は,地域住民を繋ぐネットワーク上に存在し,そのネットワークは,地域住民共通の,「大切なもの」を守ろうとする「思い(紐帯)」で結ばれている。そして,地域の「大切なもの」を守ろうとする「思い」が強ければ強いほど,そのための取組が,活発化し,「地域資源(コモンズ)」の必要度が高まる。

Mountain villages suffer from the depression of industries such as agriculture and forestry industries, the lack of public facilities for daily living, and the fragility of social organization. For the depression of industries such as agriculture and forestry industries and the lack of public facilities for daily living, various measures were taken. However, for the fragility of social organization, particular measures were not taken. As a result, many local societies are on the verge of collapse. To revitalize these societies, it is necessary to promote the society change which forms new identities in these societies. And "endogenous development" plays an important role to promote this society change. "Endogenous development" exists on a network of local inhabitants, and this network is tied up in "thought (bonds) " that is going to protect a local inhabitants common "important thing". The stronger such "thought" to protect an "important thing" becomes, the more vibrant will be the activities to protect an "important thing". And the more vibrant such activities to protect an "important thing" becomes, the more "local resources (the commons) " will be required.

Journal

  • Applied Forest Science

    Applied Forest Science 22(2), 1-11, 2013

    The Society of Applied Forest Science

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009624384
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1342-9493
  • Data Source
    NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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