学習困難児に対するコンピュータ教材を用いた説明文構造理解の指導  [in Japanese] Teaching expository text structure to children with learning difficulties using computerized materials  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

学習困難児は,説明文理解において,特に文章構造の把握に困難があると言われており,その点に支援する必要がある。本研究の目的は, (1)通常学級在籍児童が作成した要約文の評価方法の検討(研究1), (2)研究1をふまえた学習困難児への文章構造指導と要約文の変容の検討(研究2),の2点であった。小学校中学年程度の説明文を用いた課題で, pre-test及びpost-test (PCなし条件), PC教材を用いた文章構造理解指導(PCあり条件)を行った。その結果,研究1では,要点IU割合の分析から,要約文の量的な評価方法の有効性が示された。研究2では,学習困難児に対するPC教材を用いた文章構造理解指導の有効性が示された。今後の課題として,児童がPC教材で学んだ構造図を紙上でも描けるようにする汎化の指導が必要と考えられた。

There is especially a difficulty in the grasp of the structure for children with learning difficulties to understand expository text, so they need much support in that point. The aims of this study are to examine how to evaluate the summary that normal children produced (study I), and to examine how to help children with learning difficulties to understand text structure, as the application of study I (study II). We used expository text the third or the fourth graders of elementary school can understand in pre-/post-test and teaching with PC materials. In Study I, the effectiveness of a quantitative evaluation of the summary was shown from the analysis of point IU ratio. In study II, the effectiveness of the instruction for children with learning difficulties to grasp the text structure with PC materials was shown. It was thought that the guidance of the generalization to be able to draw the structure chart that the children had studied with PC materials even on paper was necessary as future tasks.

Journal

  • 障害科学研究

    障害科学研究 35, 19-30, 2011

    障害科学学会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009624528
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215065
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1881-5812
  • NDL Article ID
    025731938
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1307
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR  NDL-Digital 
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