盲幼児の日常生活動作獲得の発達的特徴に関する研究 : 食事・着脱衣・清潔領域における視点から  [in Japanese] Developmental characteristics of activity of daily living in children with blindness  [in Japanese]

Author(s)

Abstract

盲児は視覚的模倣が困難なことから、日常生活動作の獲得が遅れることが指摘されている。本研究においては、盲幼児の日常生活動作獲得における発達的特徴を明らかにすることを目的とした。対象は盲学校幼稚部に在籍する盲幼児19名の保護者であった。その結果、盲幼児の日常生活動作の獲得過程は健常児と異なる特徴を示した。すなわち、コップの使用など動きの方向性がわかりやすい動作においては獲得が良好であったが、顔を洗うなど道具を用いず動作自体を獲得する必要がある動作の獲得においては困難を示した。また、食前食後の挨拶など、その動作の意味や目的を生活場面の文脈の中で他児や周囲の大人の様子を見ながら生活習慣として獲得していく動作にも困難さが見られた。以上の結果から、盲幼児の日常生活動作の指導は、獲得過程の特徴に応じて行うこと、および盲幼児の手を取ってその動きを丁寧に教えることが重要であることが示唆された。

It is pointed out that children with blindness have developmental delay of obtaining activity of daily living because it is difficult for them to imitate others visually. The purpose of this study was to clarify developmental characteristics of activity of daily living in infants who are blind. The subjects were 19 parents of children with blindness who were enrolled in pre-school class at a school for the blind. The results of this study were summarized as follows: 1) Characteristics of developmental process in children with blindness were different from sighted children. 2) It was easy to acquire the concrete activity such as understanding the direction of a cup which was moved. 3) It was difficult to acquire the activity without tools which requires understanding the direction of a movement such as washing one's face. 4) It was also difficult to understand the situation and the proper meaning of saying one's greetings before and after they eating whish requires them to imitate others. The results showed that it is important to adapt instruction based on the child's developmental process and instruct each activity by taking their hands.

Journal

  • Japanese journal of disability sciences

    Japanese journal of disability sciences 35, 65-78, 2011

    障害科学学会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009624531
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215065
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1881-5812
  • NDL Article ID
    025732089
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1307
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  IR  NDL-Digital 
Page Top