幼児期の絵本の読み聞かせに母親の養育態度が与える影響 : 「共有型」と「強制型」の横断的比較  [in Japanese] Discipline Style and Picture-Book Reading among Sharing and Authoritarian Mothers  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

本研究では,子ども中心で子どもとの体験を享受する「共有型」養育態度と,子どもにトップダウンに関わり,罰を与えることも厭わない「強制型」養育態度の,絵本の読み聞かせ場面(絵本場面)における母子相互作用の比較検討を行った。対象は3-6歳児とその母親29組で,母子にとって新奇な絵本場面を録画観察した。結果,養育態度による絵本場面の相互作用の違いは,母親のことばかけの認知的な水準ではなく,絵本場面を取り巻く情緒的雰囲気に現れた。また,子どもの年齢にかかわらず「共有型」養育態度の母親は子どもに共感的で,子ども自身に考える余地を与えるような関わりが多い一方で,「強制型」養育態度の母親は,指示的で,子ども自身に考える余地を与えないトップダウンの説明の多い傾向があった。さらに,それぞれの関わりのもとで子どもの絵本に対する関わり方にも違いがあり,「共有型」養育態度のもとで,子どもはより主体的に絵本に関わっていることが明らかになった。

This study examined the association between discipline styles and reading styles among 29 mothers of 3-6 year old children. Participants were divided into two groups according to the mothers' discipline style. The results suggested that a mother's discipline style was reflected in her manner of emotional support. Sharing mothers (i.e., the opposite of authoritarian mothers) were more supportive, warm, and respectful of their children's autonomy. They listened emphatically to their children's comments and left them in the room to think alone. Conversely, authoritarian mothers responded more persuasively and gave clearer answers and clarifications. Children's behaviors also differed according to the mothers' discipline style. Children with sharing mothers explored a picture book more spontaneously by turning pages, asking questions, and expressing surprise. This study suggests that the difference between sharing and authoritarian discipline styles is manifested in the emotional domain. The present results are also discussed with regard to language development.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Developmental Psychology

    The Japanese Journal of Developmental Psychology 24(2), 150-159, 2013

    Japan Society of Developmental Psychology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    110009625197
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10229548
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0915-9029
  • NDL Article ID
    024644767
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-3071
  • Data Source
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
Page Top