子どもの生まれ月と親の階層・教育意識 The Relationship between Children's Birth Month and Parents' Social Class Stratification and Involvement in Education

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抄録

本研究は、相対的年齢効果が生み出されるメカニズムに着目し、子どもの生まれ月と親の階層(社会経済的地位)や教育へのかかわり方との関係を、国内の全国規模データに基づき、定量的に明らかにするものである。分析の結果、母親が教育費の支出に積極的な場合に、その子どもが早生まれではない傾向が確認された。さらに通塾率に基づく地域区分から見た場合、通塾率が平均よりも高い地域において、同様の傾向が確認された。

This study focuses on the creation mechanism of relative age effect and investigates the relationship between children's birth month and parents' (mother's) socioeconomic status and involvement in education. Previous studies have investigated the relative age effect on children's academic ability, academic achievements, and participation in sports. Unlike previous studies, this study does not investigate the direct effet of birth month on educational outcome, but instead performs quantitative research on the uninvestigated relationship between children's birth month and their mother's socioecomonic status and involvement in education. The results reveal that mothers who are enthusiastic about educational expenses tend to not have children who are born between January 1 and April 1 (end of the school year). Furthermore, this tendency differed among regions and was found mostly in regions with a high attendance rate of cram schools. This study cannot verify whether the birth month of a child is an intentional result of the parents (whether parents choose to have children in a specific month) or an unintentional result. However, the study was able to indicate the type of parents who have children that are not born at the end of the school year. This study provides a basic analysis for clarifying the critical mechanism of children's birth month.

収録刊行物

  • 教育学研究

    教育学研究 80(3), 322-332, 2013

    一般社団法人 日本教育学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    110009661758
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN00056578
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3161
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    024954487
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z7-143
  • データ提供元
    NDL  NII-ELS  J-STAGE 
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